Dextrose uses olpc-os-builder, a tool create by OLPC to build official and customized system images. The Dextrose git repository contains, olpc-os-builder, local customizations specific to Dextrose, and fixes and enhancements waiting to be pushed upstream.
Build host requirements
The Dextrose build system runs on Fedora 11 i386 through Fedora 13 x86_64. The host system runs _shouldn't_ matter, because the build runs in a chroot environment. olpc-os-builder does not yet run on Ubuntu due to a missing dependency.
The initial build requires about 700MB of rpm packages and Sugar activity bundles. The packages and bundles are cached for futures builds.
- Checkout our top-level build system
cd src/olpc git clone git://git.sugarlabs.org/dextrose/mainline.git dextrose
- Install dependencies
yum upgrade yum install libtomcrypt-devel bitfrost make gcc mtd-utils python-imgcreate zip unzip
- Compile C programs
- Do not do make install even though the original README recommends it. It's useless and may lead to confusion.
- Generate initial sequence number for the builds
echo 42 >buildnr-dx
Creating a build
- Build (have a look at the available configuration files):
time sudo ./osbuilder.py examples/dextrose2-xo1.ini
- Wait 15-20 minutes
- If everything goes well, your new build can be found in build/output. Serve hot.
Of course, a number of things will go wrong the first time. Error output could be misleading and obscure due to nesting of several tools: olpc-os-builder, imgcreate and yum. Before you dig into code, you may want to ask on IRC in case someone has already seen the same problem.
Publishing the images
Signed builds should be published only if they correctly implement the OLPC anti-theft system). Signing does not have anything to do with quality or endorsement (i.e. signed builds are not necessarily bug-free or supported).
Customizing the build
Being a Build Master involves knowledge of many workflows, including:
- Building Sugar in sugar-jhbuild.
- Dealing with yum and rpm.
- Understanding the Fedora packaging workflow and conventions.
- Creating yum package repositories with .
- Uploading activities to .
- General understanding of the Linux system plumbing infrastructure: kernel,
- Flashing laptops and debugging any problems
- Interaction with the Sugar and OLPC community to solve issues and minimize our divergence from the official builds.
Our upstream code comes from dev.laptop.org:
git remote add olpc git://dev.laptop.org/projects/olpc-os-builder git fetch olpc git log olpc/master
Building custom RPMs
- Go to the rpms/PACKAGENAME in the dextrose tree
- Edit the spec file. Typically this involves adding a new patch, which is done by adding a PatchNN: tag and a corresponding %patchNN rule in %setup. Some of the intricacies of RPM spec files are unveiled in the Fedora Packaging Guidelines.
- Remember to bump the revision after each change or your package won't be seen as an update relative to what is in the cache!
- make i586
- Wait for rpmbuild to do its job
- Now upload this rpm to a yum repository and add it to the ini file used by the OLPC OS builder.
- To automate this step, we have a rule make uploadrpm which points at the Dextrose repository. Edit rpms/common/Makefile.common or rpms/common/uploadrpm to retarget this rule to your repository.
Building custom OLPC kernels
$ git clone http://dev.laptop.org/git/olpc-2.6/ $ cd olpc-2.6 $ setarch i386 make ARCH=i386 xo_1-kernel-rpm