Difference between revisions of "Fedora 30"

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''Fedora and the Infinity design logo are trademarks of Red Hat, Inc.''
 
''Fedora and the Infinity design logo are trademarks of Red Hat, Inc.''
 
==Fedora 30==
 
==Fedora 30==
:Under constrution
+
:Under construction
 +
::Updated Nov 2 2018
 +
 
 +
Following content is untested  (Copied from f25)
 +
 
 +
==Use live-iso-to-disk for persistence==
 +
 
 +
also see: [[Testing/Reports/livecd-iso-to-disk]]
 +
 
 +
dnf install livecd-tools
 +
 
 +
livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 2000 --home-size-mb 2000 --delete-home --unencrypted-home Fedora-Workstation-Live-x86_64-25-1.3.iso /dev/sd(x)
 +
:(x) USB must have: fat format & boot flag
 +
:(x) CAUTION use "mount" (in terminal) to get correct name for USB  (/dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd etc)
 +
 
 +
=='''livemedia-creator'''==
 +
* '''SEE https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Livemedia-creator-_How_to_create_and_use_a_Live_CD'''
 +
*for older method (namely for Fedora 23) using livecd-tools ('''livecd-creator''') visit https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/How_to_create_and_use_a_Live_CD
 +
 
 +
*If you simply want to burn a pre-made ISO to a disc, visit http://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora to download a LiveCD or LiveDVD, then see the [http://docs.fedoraproject.org/install-guide/ install guide] or [http://docs.fedoraproject.org/readme-burning-isos/ burning how-to] for further instructions.
 +
 
 +
*Examples in f25 root terminal:
 +
=== mock ===
 +
you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment
 +
 
 +
to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following
 +
 
 +
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
 +
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart
 +
 
 +
if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Install files===
 +
updated from fedora page
 +
12/15/2016
 +
*'''ksflatten is part of pykickstart'''
 +
 
 +
# dnf install mock
 +
 
 +
=== Documentation ===
 +
*Important
 +
: http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
 +
: https://github.com/rhinstaller/lorax/blob/master/docs/livemedia-creator.rst
 +
 
 +
=== mock ===
 +
you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment
 +
 
 +
to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following
 +
 
 +
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
 +
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart
 +
 
 +
if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file
 +
 
 +
=== kickstarts ===
 +
inside the mock chroot, clone the kickstarts
 +
 
 +
$ git clone https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts.git
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Install files===
 +
*'''livemedia-creator and ksflatten are part of lorax'''
 +
 
 +
# dnf install lorax virt-install libvirt-daemon-config-network pykickstart
 +
 +
                                                                                                                                               
 +
 
 +
*Must be done first:
 +
 
 +
:'''You must be in the same fedora version (f25) first. This is so that packages can be installed to livecd without SELinux errors and is relabeled at boot time.'''
 +
setenforce 0
 +
 
 +
===Notes===
 +
*Important
 +
: http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
 +
 
 +
*Jun 28, 2016 at 12:28:27PM -0500, Bruno Wolff III wrote:
 +
"In --no-virt mode it's calling anaconda
 +
directly so kickstart processing of the %include may work, depending on
 +
the location of the files. But if you're using it in virt mode only the
 +
top level ks gets passed into the vm so ksflatten is required in that
 +
case."
 +
===pagure kickstarts Links===
 +
 
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/f25
 +
 
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/27c2ec431dfa70506deef071206b5e42ddc9b42c
 +
 
 +
::https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/releases
 +
 
 +
::alternately: git clone the repo and not get each piece manually
 +
 
 +
:Kickstarts need to flattened before use:
 +
:: hit raw tab and '''save-page-as''' to a local directory (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)
 +
 
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-soas.ks
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-base.ks
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-minimization.ks
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo.ks
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo-not-rawhide.ks
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo-rawhide.ks
 +
:https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-soas-packages.ks
 +
 
 +
*switch root terminal to the local directory with the kickstart files (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)
 +
 
 +
=== ksflatten ===
 +
::updated 06/28/2016
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ksflatten -v, --config fedora-live-soas.ks -o flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --version F25
 +
 
 +
===livemedia-creator examples===
 +
 
 +
livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-soas.ks  --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-flat-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-flat-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-SoaS-flat-live --macboot
 +
 
 +
 +
livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-kde.ks --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-kde-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-kde-f25-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-kde-f25-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-kde-f25-live --macboot
 +
 
 +
livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-cinnamon.ks  --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-cinnamon-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-cinnamon-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-cinnamon-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-cinnamon-25-live --macboot
 +
 
 +
* "If you're using /tmp/lmc you need to make sure you have enough RAM available (assuming it is mounted using tmpfs)"
 +
:'''use /var/lmc if low on memory'''
 +
* "Right, if you only have 3.8G then 50% will be assigned to tmpfs and it's likely
 +
you'll run out of ram when using /tmp/ for the resultdir."
 +
::Brian Lane - https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1352970#c6
 +
 
 +
==='''warning'''===
 +
:12/14/2016
 +
*There is a problem using LMC this way:
 +
<adamw> satellit: you really *really* shouldn't be running lmc directly on the system with --no-virt anyway
 +
<adamw> it's a fundamentally risky thing to do
 +
=== Make a remix ===
 +
*edit the bottom of the flat-fedora-live-soas.ks
 +
:that you produce with ksflatten  (above)
 +
:in this section of the flattened.ks:
 +
%packages
 +
:add a program  (add name)
 +
:'''-''' delete a program ( put - in front)
 +
:put '''#''' in front of listed program to not install it
 +
* https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/List_of_Fedora_remixes
 +
====kickstart-docs====
 +
: https://github.com/rhinstaller/pykickstart/blob/master/docs/kickstart-docs.rst
 +
 
 +
====terminal output of livemedia-creator build====
 +
:Build takes a long time wait for completion
 +
:ends with:
 +
..........clip........
 +
..........clip........
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:20,011: Performing post-installation setup tasks
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:20,012: Performing post-installation setup tasks
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:21,970: .
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:21,970:
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:21,971: Configuring installed system
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:22,147: .
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:22,148: Creating users
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:22,149: .
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:22,149: Configuring addons
 +
2016-07-05 14:46:22,151: .BDB2053 Freeing read locks for locker 0x1: 3376/140705511982848
 +
--clip--
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:01,333:
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:01,334: Generating initramfs
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:06,185: .
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:06,186: Running post-installation scripts
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:06,189: .
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:38,953: Shutting down log processing
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:41,246: Disk Image install successful
 +
2016-07-05 14:47:41,247: working dir is /var/tmp/lmc-work-n26biv0m
 +
2016-07-05 14:59:34,529: Rebuilding initrds
 +
2016-07-05 14:59:34,530: dracut args = ['--xz', '--add', 'livenet dmsquash-live convertfs pollcdrom qemu qemu-net', '--omit', 'plymouth', '--no-hostonly', '--debug', '--no-early-microcode']
 +
2016-07-05 14:59:34,532: rebuilding boot/initramfs-4.7.0-0.rc5.git3.1.fc25.x86_64.img
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:36,027: Building boot.iso
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:36,122: running x86.tmpl
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:56,462: Disk image erased
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:59,749: SUMMARY
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:59,750: -------
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:59,750: Logs are in /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure
 +
2016-07-05 15:01:59,751: Results are in /home/(user)/lmc
 +
[root@localhost pagure]#
 +
 
 +
===Retrieve finished live.iso===
 +
"Results are in /home/(user)/lmc"
 +
*start files application
 +
*click on '''Files system'''
 +
:open  lmc folder
 +
*click on  the '''.....iso''' you just built
 +
'''copy to''' (mouse right click) '''pagure''' with files application
 +
*Check that it is in pagure
 +
 
 +
===Clean Up===
 +
:delete the instance in lmc
 +
:delete the lmc directory  (cannot run new build unless this is done?)
 +
 
 +
root@localhost pagure]# cd /
 +
[root@localhost /]# cd var
 +
[root@localhost var]# ls
 +
account  adm  cache  crash  db  empty  ftp  games  gopher kerberos  lib  lmc  local  lock  log  mail  nis  opt  preserve run  spool  tmp  www  yp
 +
[root@localhost var]# rm -r lmc
 +
rm: descend into directory 'lmc'? y
 +
rm: remove regular file 'lmc/Fedora-SoaS-var-live.iso'? y
 +
rm: remove directory 'lmc'? y
 +
[root@localhost var]#

Revision as of 12:38, 2 November 2018

Fedora.jpg Fedora® version page: 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 |
Fedora and the Infinity design logo are trademarks of Red Hat, Inc.

Fedora 30

Under construction
Updated Nov 2 2018

Following content is untested (Copied from f25)

Use live-iso-to-disk for persistence

also see: Testing/Reports/livecd-iso-to-disk

dnf install livecd-tools
livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 2000 --home-size-mb 2000 --delete-home --unencrypted-home Fedora-Workstation-Live-x86_64-25-1.3.iso /dev/sd(x)
(x) USB must have: fat format & boot flag
(x) CAUTION use "mount" (in terminal) to get correct name for USB (/dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd etc)

livemedia-creator

  • Examples in f25 root terminal:

mock

you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment

to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following

$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart

if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file


Install files

updated from fedora page 12/15/2016

  • ksflatten is part of pykickstart
# dnf install mock

Documentation

  • Important
http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
https://github.com/rhinstaller/lorax/blob/master/docs/livemedia-creator.rst

mock

you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment

to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following

$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart

if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file

kickstarts

inside the mock chroot, clone the kickstarts

$ git clone https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts.git


Install files

  • livemedia-creator and ksflatten are part of lorax
# dnf install lorax virt-install libvirt-daemon-config-network pykickstart

                                                                                                                                               
  • Must be done first:
You must be in the same fedora version (f25) first. This is so that packages can be installed to livecd without SELinux errors and is relabeled at boot time.
setenforce 0

Notes

  • Important
http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
  • Jun 28, 2016 at 12:28:27PM -0500, Bruno Wolff III wrote:
"In --no-virt mode it's calling anaconda
directly so kickstart processing of the %include may work, depending on
the location of the files. But if you're using it in virt mode only the
top level ks gets passed into the vm so ksflatten is required in that
case."

pagure kickstarts Links

https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/f25
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/27c2ec431dfa70506deef071206b5e42ddc9b42c
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/releases
alternately: git clone the repo and not get each piece manually
Kickstarts need to flattened before use:
hit raw tab and save-page-as to a local directory (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-soas.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-base.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-minimization.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo-not-rawhide.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo-rawhide.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-soas-packages.ks
  • switch root terminal to the local directory with the kickstart files (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)

ksflatten

updated 06/28/2016


ksflatten -v, --config fedora-live-soas.ks -o flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --version F25

livemedia-creator examples

livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-soas.ks  --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-flat-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-flat-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-SoaS-flat-live --macboot


livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-kde.ks --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-kde-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-kde-f25-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-kde-f25-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-kde-f25-live --macboot
livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-cinnamon.ks  --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-cinnamon-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-cinnamon-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-cinnamon-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-cinnamon-25-live --macboot
  • "If you're using /tmp/lmc you need to make sure you have enough RAM available (assuming it is mounted using tmpfs)"
use /var/lmc if low on memory
  • "Right, if you only have 3.8G then 50% will be assigned to tmpfs and it's likely

you'll run out of ram when using /tmp/ for the resultdir."

Brian Lane - https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1352970#c6

warning

12/14/2016
  • There is a problem using LMC this way:

<adamw> satellit: you really *really* shouldn't be running lmc directly on the system with --no-virt anyway <adamw> it's a fundamentally risky thing to do

Make a remix

  • edit the bottom of the flat-fedora-live-soas.ks
that you produce with ksflatten (above)
in this section of the flattened.ks:

%packages

add a program (add name)
- delete a program ( put - in front)
put # in front of listed program to not install it

kickstart-docs

https://github.com/rhinstaller/pykickstart/blob/master/docs/kickstart-docs.rst

terminal output of livemedia-creator build

Build takes a long time wait for completion
ends with:
..........clip........
..........clip........
2016-07-05 14:46:20,011: Performing post-installation setup tasks
2016-07-05 14:46:20,012: Performing post-installation setup tasks
2016-07-05 14:46:21,970: .
2016-07-05 14:46:21,970:
2016-07-05 14:46:21,971: Configuring installed system
2016-07-05 14:46:22,147: .
2016-07-05 14:46:22,148: Creating users
2016-07-05 14:46:22,149: .
2016-07-05 14:46:22,149: Configuring addons
2016-07-05 14:46:22,151: .BDB2053 Freeing read locks for locker 0x1: 3376/140705511982848
--clip--
2016-07-05 14:47:01,333:
2016-07-05 14:47:01,334: Generating initramfs
2016-07-05 14:47:06,185: .
2016-07-05 14:47:06,186: Running post-installation scripts
2016-07-05 14:47:06,189: .
2016-07-05 14:47:38,953: Shutting down log processing
2016-07-05 14:47:41,246: Disk Image install successful
2016-07-05 14:47:41,247: working dir is /var/tmp/lmc-work-n26biv0m
2016-07-05 14:59:34,529: Rebuilding initrds
2016-07-05 14:59:34,530: dracut args = ['--xz', '--add', 'livenet dmsquash-live convertfs pollcdrom qemu qemu-net', '--omit', 'plymouth', '--no-hostonly', '--debug', '--no-early-microcode']
2016-07-05 14:59:34,532: rebuilding boot/initramfs-4.7.0-0.rc5.git3.1.fc25.x86_64.img
2016-07-05 15:01:36,027: Building boot.iso
2016-07-05 15:01:36,122: running x86.tmpl
2016-07-05 15:01:56,462: Disk image erased
2016-07-05 15:01:59,749: SUMMARY
2016-07-05 15:01:59,750: -------
2016-07-05 15:01:59,750: Logs are in /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure
2016-07-05 15:01:59,751: Results are in /home/(user)/lmc
[root@localhost pagure]#

Retrieve finished live.iso

"Results are in /home/(user)/lmc"

  • start files application
  • click on Files system
open lmc folder
  • click on the .....iso you just built

copy to (mouse right click) pagure with files application

  • Check that it is in pagure

Clean Up

delete the instance in lmc
delete the lmc directory (cannot run new build unless this is done?)
root@localhost pagure]# cd /
[root@localhost /]# cd var
[root@localhost var]# ls
account  adm  cache  crash  db  empty  ftp  games  gopher kerberos  lib  lmc  local  lock  log  mail  nis  opt  preserve run  spool  tmp  www  yp
[root@localhost var]# rm -r lmc
rm: descend into directory 'lmc'? y
rm: remove regular file 'lmc/Fedora-SoaS-var-live.iso'? y
rm: remove directory 'lmc'? y
[root@localhost var]#