Difference between revisions of "Sugar on a Stick/Installation"

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m (update link to dextrose project)
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[[File:OLPCXO.png|link=Sugar on a Stick/Installation/OLPC|50px]]
 
[[File:OLPCXO.png|link=Sugar on a Stick/Installation/OLPC|50px]]
 
This [http://www.mail-archive.com/devel@lists.laptop.org/msg23544.html discussion thread] explains why Fedora 13 and [[Sugar on a Stick/Mirabelle]] are not compatible with the XO-1 (until a fix is implemented).
 
This [http://www.mail-archive.com/devel@lists.laptop.org/msg23544.html discussion thread] explains why Fedora 13 and [[Sugar on a Stick/Mirabelle]] are not compatible with the XO-1 (until a fix is implemented).
* See [[Deployment Team/Sugar-0.88 Notes]] for the latest Sugar version 0.88 on Fedora 11 for the XO-1.
+
* See [[Dextrose]] for the latest Sugar version 0.88 on Fedora 11 for the XO-1.
  
 
==SoaS on VirtualBox==
 
==SoaS on VirtualBox==

Revision as of 12:34, 23 July 2010


SoaS installation on USB/SD devices

with Microsoft Windows

Windows.gif There are three ways to do this:

  • 1. Burn a CD-ROM disc, boot from it, then run the script, livecd-iso-to-disk
    1. Use Windows 7 built-in Disk Image Burner or a free utility, like ImgBurn, to write the downloaded Sugar on a Stick .iso file onto a blank CD.
    2. Insert a USB flash drive (or SD Card Notes) with 2 GB or more of free space into your computer.
    3. Boot your computer with the CD-ROM disc. You probably need to press F1, F10, F12, Esc, or a similar key as the computer starts up in order to set the boot source for your computer to the CD-ROM device.
    4. A successful boot will take you into Sugar on a Stick. You can From there, open the Terminal Activity, Activity-terminal.png, from the Home list View.
    5. Switch to run commands with 'root' user permissions by entering su - on the command line.
    6. Change the working directory, by entering cd /run/initramfs/live/LiveOS
    7. Verify the USB/SD scsi drive node name (such as sda, sdb, etc.) and partition (such as 1, 2, etc.) for your USB/SD device. It would look like, for example, /dev/sdb1.
      • The df -Th command shows your device filesystem on a device node, for example, /dev/sdb1, mounted on a directory mount point, such as /run/media/liveuser/<USBdeviceManufacturer>
          You should see something like the following:
          [root@localhost ~]# df -Th
          Filesystem          Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
          /dev/mapper/live-rw ext4      2.9G  2.1G  773M  74% /
          devtmpfs            devtmpfs  2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /dev
          tmpfs               tmpfs     2.0G   72K  2.0G   1% /dev/shm
          tmpfs               tmpfs     2.0G  632K  2.0G   1% /run
          tmpfs               tmpfs     2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
          /dev/sr0            iso9660   670M  670M     0 100% /run/initramfs/live
          tmpfs               tmpfs     2.0G   32K  2.0G   1% /tmp
          varcacheyum         tmpfs     2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /var/cache/yum
          vartmp              tmpfs     2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /var/tmp
          /dev/sdb1           vfat      3.8G  4.0K  3.8G   1% /run/media/liveuser/SanDisk
          
    1. Unmount the USB device filesystem with this command: umount /run/media/liveuser/MyUSBdiscMountPoint, where MyUSBdiscMountPoint is SanDisk in the dropdown example, above.
    2. Execute this command line:  (Substitute the /dev/sd?1, below, with the node name you determined in step 7, above.)
      ./livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 800 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /run/initramfs/livedev /dev/sd?1
    3. (The 500 and 800 size values, above, are suitable for a 2 GB USB device. For a 4 GB device, one might use 1000 and 1600 megabytes instead.)

      The installation transcript should look like the following:
      [root@localhost LiveOS]# livecd-iso-to-disk --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 800 --unencrypted-home /run/initramfs/livedev /dev/sdb1
      Verifying image...
      /dev/sr0:   b0a9414ff7eb79b680d5c86440e19587
      Fragment sums: 9bfe23577651c88dcfb78c76ac3a28a5c53eead4561e3bdc5921b8b2e748
      Fragment count: 20
      Press [Esc] to abort check.
      Checking: 100.0%
      
      The media check is complete, the result is: PASS.
      
      It is OK to use this media.
      Copying live image to target device.
      squashfs.img
          630,784,000 100%    1.96MB/s    0:05:06 (xfr#1, to-chk=0/1)
      osmin.img
                8,192 100%    0.00kB/s    0:00:00 (xfr#1, to-chk=0/1)
      Updating boot config file
      Initializing persistent overlay file
      500+0 records in
      500+0 records out
      524288000 bytes (524 MB) copied, 216.717 s, 2.4 MB/s
      Initializing persistent /home
      800+0 records in
      800+0 records out
      838860800 bytes (839 MB) copied, 344.643 s, 2.4 MB/s
      Formatting unencrypted /home
      mke2fs 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013)
      Filesystem label=
      OS type: Linux
      Block size=4096 (log=2)
      Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
      Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
      51296 inodes, 204800 blocks
      10240 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
      First data block=0
      Maximum filesystem blocks=209715200
      7 block groups
      32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
      7328 inodes per group
      Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
      	32768, 98304, 163840
      
      Allocating group tables: done                            
      Writing inode tables: done                            
      Creating journal (4096 blocks): done
      Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
      
      tune2fs 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013)
      Setting maximal mount count to -1
      Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
      Installing boot loader
      Target device is now set up with a Live image!
      
    4. Shutdown the physical machine.
    5. Reboot your computer from the newly-installed Live USB with Sugar on a Stick.


    • 2. Use Fedora Live USB Creator
      (This installation method is NOT recommended for LONG-TERM usage of Sugar on a Stick!! Catastrophic data corruption may occur when the USB stick gets full! See why.)
      1. Download the Live USB Creator from Fedora.
      2. Insert a USB flash drive (or SD Card Notes) with 2 GB or more of free space into your computer.
      3. Launch Live USB Creator.
      4. Select Either
      5. 1) the 'Browse' button to 'Use existing Live CD' and find the downloaded .iso file image on your system.
      6. 2) Download Fedora and select Fedora-SoaS-{i386|x86_64}-{22|23} (This automates the download and checksum routine and directly burns to the USB/ SDCard
      7. Adjust the Persistent Storage slider. This enables you to save changes to the system and additional Sugar Activities onto the device. (aka persistence file or Overlay --this space by default is write once only) --see below for additional way to make /home a rw overlay
      8. Select your flash drive as the target, and click the Create Live USB button.
      9. With the latest version of Fedora LiveUSB Creator you have TWO (2) option for burning method
      10. 1) CP (non destructive) -- meaning you can still use the unused space on a larger (8-16-32-64Gb) usb for whatever post burn.
      11. 2) DD ( the old school way) Note: THIS WILL destroy any previous data make sure you properly select the drive to use AND make backups of any pre-existing important data (you will not be easily able to retrieve overwritten data)
      12. Wait for the process to finish, then close the Live USB Creator program.
      13. Stop your flash drive with the Safely Remove Hardware and Eject Media notification area icon dialog, and eject it.
    See a screenshot tutorial for this.
    See a video of an earlier version of this process.


    • 3. Launch a virtual machine with the Sugar on a Stick .iso file, then run the script, livecd-iso-to-disk
      1. Download and install VirtualBox (for example; you could do something similar with another vm).
      2. Create a new virtual machine.
      3. Choose Linux for the Operating System and Version Fedora (64 bit) if available, or Fedora, on systems lacking 64-bit functionality.
      4. Attach the Sugar on a Stick .iso file as a CD in the Storage Section
      5. Insert a USB storage device into your physical computer and enable the VirtualBox USB controller. Then add a filter to recognize the inserted device in the USB section of the VirtualBox machine setup.
      6. Start the new virtual machine.
      7. Verify that the USB device is recognized in the running virtual machine.
        • Your device appears in the hover box for the USB stick icon in the virtual machine bottom frame.
        • df -Th shows your device filesystem on a device node, for example, /dev/sda1, mounted on a directory mount point, such as /run/media/<AccountName>/<USBdeviceManufacturer>
          You should see something like the following:
          [root@localhost LiveOS]# df -Th
          Filesystem          Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
          rootfs              rootfs    4.0G  2.5G  1.5G  63% /
          devtmpfs            devtmpfs  1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /dev
          tmpfs               tmpfs     1.6G   84K  1.6G   1% /dev/shm
          tmpfs               tmpfs     1.6G  1.2M  1.6G   1% /run
          /dev/sr0            iso9660   509M  509M     0 100% /run/initramfs/live
          /dev/mapper/live-rw ext4      4.0G  2.5G  1.5G  63% /
          tmpfs               tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
          tmpfs               tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /media
          varcacheyum         tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /var/cache/yum
          tmp                 tmpfs     1.6G   40K  1.6G   1% /tmp
          vartmp              tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /var/tmp
          /dev/sda1           vfat      3.7G  2.1G  1.7G  56% /run/media/liveuser/TOSHIBA
          
      1. Continue from step #4 in the Burn a CD-ROM disc section above.
      2. Shutdown the virtual machine.
      3. Reboot your physical computer from the newly-installed Live USB with Sugar on a Stick.

    Notes

    A Secure Digital (SD) card may not be marked as a bootable device. To check this, use these instructions at a Linux terminal or console:

    • Check the disk partition table for a device, such as /dev/sdc,
    sudo fdisk -l /dev/sdc   <----that's a lowercase letter 'L' for the list option.
      You should see something like the following:
      $ sudo fdisk -l /dev/sdc
      
      Disk /dev/sdc: 4012 MB, 4012900352 bytes
      124 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1019 cylinders, total 7837696 sectors
      Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
      Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
      I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
      Disk identifier: 0x0000a9c7
      
         Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
      /dev/sdc1   *          62     7834071     3917005    c  W95 FAT32 (LBA)
      

      The asterisk, * , under the Boot column indicates that the partition is bootable.

          If it is missing, then execute the commands here:
      1. parted /dev/sdc
      2. toggle 1 boot
      3. quit

    with Apple Macintosh

    Apple.gif

    with GNU/Linux

    Gnulinux.png (See Sugar on a Stick/Linux for more details.)

    1. Use this script file http://bit.ly/livecd-iso-to-disk to create a bootable image.
      (Run chmod +x livecd-iso-to-disk.sh after you download the script to make it executable.)
    2. Execute, as the root user, in one command with arguments, the following:
      ./livecd-iso-to-disk.sh --overlay-size-mb 200 --home-size-mb 200 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /path/to/source.iso /dev/sd?1
      where '?' in the final parameter represents the target bootable device node, such as sdb1 or sdc1, etc.
      Be certain of your USB/SD scsi drive node name (such as sda, sdb, etc.) and partition (such as 1, 2, etc.).
      Use the df -Th command to confirm your devices before executing the script.
             You should see something like the following:
    [root@MyComputer ~]# df -Th
    Filesystem    Type    Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    /dev/sda1     ext4     18G  6.6G   11G  38% /
    tmpfs        tmpfs    1.6G  740K  1.6G   1% /dev/shm
    /dev/sdc1     vfat     15G  697M   15G   5% /media/SANDY
    /dev/sdb1     vfat     15G  2.0G   13G  14% /media/TOSHIBA
    
    where the mount point and filesystem sizes should help you identify what you want.
    [root@MyComputer ~]#
    ./livecd-iso-to-disk.sh --overlay-size-mb 200 --home-size-mb 200 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /mnt/VMs/soas-x86_64-20100509.09.iso /dev/sdb1
    
    Verifying image...
    /mnt/VMs/soas-x86_64-20100509.09.iso:   7c5f3227e4d87bb03f1cf89415ee80ce
    Fragment sums: b68ffc49a1213bca823fd5f16887291c571b44d55755488b3c229dafb631
    Fragment count: 20
    Checking: 100.0%
    
    The media check is complete, the result is: PASS.
    
    It is OK to use this media.
    
    Copying live image to USB stick
    Updating boot config file
    Initializing persistent overlay file
    200+0 records in
    200+0 records out
    209715200 bytes (210 MB) copied, 16.6121 s, 12.6 MB/s
    Initializing persistent /home
    200+0 records in
    200+0 records out
    209715200 bytes (210 MB) copied, 15.2779 s, 13.7 MB/s
    Formatting unencrypted /home
    mke2fs 1.41.10 (10-Feb-2009)
    Filesystem label=
    OS type: Linux
    Block size=1024 (log=0)
    Fragment size=1024 (log=0)
    Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
    51200 inodes, 204800 blocks
    10240 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
    First data block=1
    Maximum filesystem blocks=67371008
    25 block groups
    8192 blocks per group, 8192 fragments per group
    2048 inodes per group
    Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
    	8193, 24577, 40961, 57345, 73729
    
    Writing inode tables: done                            
    Creating journal (4096 blocks): done
    Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
    
    This filesystem will be automatically checked every 23 mounts or
    180 days, whichever comes first.  Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.
    tune2fs 1.41.10 (10-Feb-2009)
    Setting maximal mount count to -1
    Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
    Installing boot loader
    USB stick set up as live image!
    

    on an OLPC XO-1

    OLPCXO.png This discussion thread explains why Fedora 13 and Sugar on a Stick/Mirabelle are not compatible with the XO-1 (until a fix is implemented).

    • See Dextrose for the latest Sugar version 0.88 on Fedora 11 for the XO-1.

    SoaS on VirtualBox

    Backup and Restore

    Some backup and restore options for Sugar on a Stick include the following:

    Subpage index