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A review of installation methods

(This is a work in progress. Please review and contribute.)

There are many alternative methods to install Sugar. The options can be very confusing because of the technical details and features that may be unfamiliar.

This page begins to itemize some of the many options that are available for those interested in learning more about the possibilities.

Note: When dealing with flash memory storage devices, such as 'USB sticks' and 'SD cards', one should be advised that changing the device format may affect its service lifetime. Fortunately, the manufacturer's default format is suitable for many of the options.

Installation to HD, USB hard drive, and USB/SD flash drives

The LiveOS image technology uses compression to install operating systems on smaller discs such as CD-ROMs and small USB/SD flash storage devices.

The extra compression layer may be avoided by installing to an uncompressed file system by one of the methods itemized in the first section below:

Uncompressed file systems

  1. zyx-liveinstaller <from Ferminal>Sugar_on_a_Stick/ZyX-LiveInstaller
    • creates real file structure on USB or HD (without rebooting)
    • name and color selection (and ssh keys remain the same)
      This can be a problem for using it for distribution
  2. liveinst (Anaconda)<from Terminal> Sugar_on_a_Stick/Linux/Non-compressed_Fedora#Use_liveinst_command_in_terminal
    • installs to HD or USB stick
    • If you make an .img file from the USB before running "firstboot", it becomes a good way to duplicate the sticks.
  3. Net install CD Sugar_on_a_Stick/Linux/Non-compressed_Fedora#Make_your_OWN_Custom_SUGAR-DESKTOP_USB_Boot_Stick
    • need a fast Internet connection
    • very slow install(6+ hours for USB)
    • allows custom install of sugar-desktop only or Gnome/KDE + Sugar
    • If you make an .img file from the USB before running "firstboot", it becomes a good way to duplicate the sticks.

Compressed file systems on USB/SD devices

  1. script with .iso file - See Talk:SoaS_Blueberry_Instructions.
  2. live-usbcreator application
    • Download the latest version of the Fedora LiveUSB Creator from and extract it.
    • Plug a blank target USB flash drive (or SD Card) into your computer (minimum 1-gigabyte).
    • Launch LiveUSB Creator.
    • Select Sugar on a Stick v2 Blueberry in the drop-down menu on the upper-right side to download the liveUSB disk image. Alternatively, download Blueberry here, then hit the Browse button and select the downloaded file.
    • Adjust the Persistent Storage slider. This enables you to save the child's work in Sugar onto the device.
    • Select your flash drive as the target and click the Create Live USB button.
    • Wait for the process to finish, then close the LiveUSB Creator program.
    • Stop your flash drive using the Safely Remove Hardware dialog and eject it.
  3. other Linux distributions Sugar_on_a_Stick/Linux

Duplication of USB/SD .img files

  1. dd copy of USB/SD <from terminal>Sugar_on_a_Stick/Linux/Non-compressed_Fedora#Duplication_of_USB_Sticks Autologon Sugar_on_a_Stick/Linux/Non-compressed_Fedora#AUTO_Login_to_SUGAR

Upgrade an XO-1 to Sugar 0.84 with Fedora 11 and Gnome


Please read the instructions found on the OLPC News site.

  • Refer to Message #3: "How to install".
  • Please note: Software has been updated since that posting. The latest Software is available here:

  • Put these files (.img and .crc) on a USB stick formated as FAT32.
  • Add your Developer Key to the USB.
  • Be certain to disable security first as per the instructions.
  • Follow the instructions as per Message #3.
  • Note: Be sure to plug in your laptop using it AC charger to ensure that the installation process is completed. (The firmware will not be updated under battery power.)


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