Activities/Measure

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Revision as of 17:27, 23 June 2012 by Walter (talk | contribs) (About)
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Measure-icon.svg

About

This Activity draws a picture of the sound heard by the internal microphone or of the signal present on the microphone socket. More specifically it draws a graph of this input versus time, the input is on the vertical axis and time is on the horizontal axis. That is, the laptop functions like a machine called an oscilloscope.

As well as graphing signal as a function of time, Measure can also graph as a function of frequency.

The XO-1 laptop is only capable of mono input, the XO-1.5 and XO-1.75 are capable of stereo input on their microphone socket and can graph two signals at once.

Note: As of Measure Version 37, older versions of Sugar, e.g. 0.84, are no longer supported.

Measure tut 1 24.jpg

Where to get Measure

http://activities.sugarlabs.org/en-US/sugar/addon/4197/

Using

Measure-screen.JPG

1. Select secondary toolbar - allows the Activity's Journal entry to be renamed

2. Select secondary toolbar - measurement settings

3. Select secondary toolbar - tuning settings

4. The selected input type - Sound (AC voltage), resistance or DC voltage

5. The time scale

6. Freeze the display

7. Capture sample now - saves an image of the wave in the Journal

8. Stop - exits the Activity

9. Mute - mute/unmute channel

10. Invert - invert the display

11. Use these sliders to control the sensitivity

12. The settings that are selected

Sensor toolbar

Measure2ndtoolbar.JPG

The sensor toolbar - measurement settings

13. Sound - use this setting with the internal microphone, external microphone and external AC signals

14. Resistance sensor - use with external resistive type transducers

15. Voltage sensor - use with external sensors which generate a voltage

16. Time base/frequency - graphs the signal vs. time or graphs amplitude vs. frequency

17. Sample interval - a text file 'Measure Log' is saved to the journal, it contains one sample per interval

18. Starts/stops saving a text file 'Measure Log' with measured values as readable text

19. Trigger - synchronise the sample period to the waveform so that the sample will start on a rising edge or falling edge

Tuning toolbar

Measure3rdtoolbar.JPG

The tuning toolbar - frequency settings

Hint: Adjust the time scale (#5) to increase the spacing between the tuning lines.

20. Instrument - select instrument to tune

21. Note entry - select a note for tuning

22. Frequency entry - enter a frequency to mark

23. Show/hide tuning mark

24. Show/hide harmonics

25. Play a note

26. Measured note

Measuring A5 (880 HZ)

Measure-tuning.JPG

Guitar tuning lines

Measure-guitar.png

Applying

Let the children experiment with the internal microphone, try singing, whistling, musical instruments, the Tam Tam musical Activity. The Turtle Blocks Activity can generate an audio tone.

The children should learn through guided discovery that:

  • sound is a pressure wave
  • the pitch of the sound is determined by the frequency or cycles per second (Hz)
  • the loudness of a sound is determined by the amplitude
  • sounds contain multiple frequency components or harmonics
  • the more pure sounds have less harmonics

Sharing

This Activity does not currently support sharing.

Extending

Measure is able to take input from a wide range of external sensors including switches, photocells, temperature sensors, inductive loops, hall effect sensors, soil probes and many more.

Care should be taken not to exceed the allowable input voltage:

  • XO-1 -0.5V to 5V
  • XO-1.5 -6V to +9V
  • XO-1.75 -6V to +9V

It is a good idea, particularly on the XO-1, to put a resistor of 680 ohms in the phono plug, this increases the allowable input voltage range.

Audio 680 ohm.jpg

Plotting

You can use save data from measure to the Sugar Journal using the Capture feature described above (16). These data can then be imported into SimpleGraph, where they are displayed.

SimpleGraph8.png

More ideas

You can find ideas for fun science experiments at http://wiki.sugarlabs.org/go/Activities/TurtleArt/Using_Turtle_Art_Sensors and http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Measure

Building sensors

There are detailed instructions for building sensors at [1].

Adding instruments

You can add new instruments to tune by modifying the instrument dictionary in config.py.