Difference between revisions of "Trisquel"

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Revision as of 23:25, 1 July 2012

Trisquel logo.png

Screenshot of Trisquel 5.5
Also has optional sweets-distribution:Factory installed.
Note Sugar XO Avitar in right top corner of desktop.

Trisquel GNU/Linux is a fully free operating system endorsed by the FSF. It has a stand alone Live/Installable image for CD and USB drives. It is based on Ubuntu, but is not Ubuntu.


Trisquel Packages

Trisquel 5.5

Announcement: 16, Apr 2012
Updated ----Satellit 17:38, 16 April 2012 (EDT)
Trisquel 5.5 STS "Brigantia" is finally here! This release took us
some extra time but it was well worth it, as even if we went through a
lot of changes in core components we achieved many improvements while
preparing the system for the forthcoming long term support release. As
a sort of compensation (many thanks for your patience!), and due to the
importance of our next release, we will start hacking on it sooner than
usual, in about a month.

This release took our biggest effort in this eight years, and we want
to thank all the community, members, donors and specially to everyone
who contributed to the development. Many new technologies, same user

This release is our first to be based on GNOME 3, GTK 3 and also
Linux-libre 3.0.0. GNOME 3 was a big challenge, because as it is
designed by now, it is not usable for our community. The new default
interface of GNOME 3 is GNOME Shell, a program that requires 3D
acceleration to work, as it relies on graphics composition. Sadly, many
graphics cards today still lack a libre driver providing acceleration,
so many users who would choose free drivers will be redirected to a
fallback desktop environment. We think that this way many users could
feel compelled to install non-free drivers to be able to use the new
desktop, so we decided to use the fallback environment as default, and
improve it when possible. Luckily this fallback is a GTK 3
implementation of GNOME panel 2x, and not only is it very usable, and
even more stable than the original, but it is also accessible,
something GNOME Shell is currently lacking.

One other advantage of using the fallback as default is that we were
able to use it to provide the same desktop layout that many Trisquel
users have become attached to. You can of course adapt and customize it
with panels and applets as usual.

This release features, among many others:

 - Linux-libre 3.0.0
 - GNOME 3.2
 - Abrowser 11
 - LibreOffice 3.4.4

Better accessibility, a better project

Continuing with our commitment to accessibility we have managed to
improve the integration with the Orca screen reader and other universal
access software. It was not easy, as it was affected by the changes in
core libraries underneath, but the results were worth it. If you use
the i18n DVD the screen reader will be started by default, allowing
visually impaired users to install it by themselves, and the login
manager in the installed system will then be accessible. It is still
far from perfect, but we will keep working on it.

Another improvement is that many NVIDIA graphic cards are now supported
with 3D acceleration using the free Nouveau driver, which was moved
from experimental into the preinstalled set of packages. Also, we can
announce now that those packages, and all the +300GB of sources and
binaries in our archive servers are now accessible through new official
mirrors in the Netherlands and India, thanks to Jason Self and the KMEA
Engineering college respectively. Many thanks!

-- Rubén Rodríguez Trisquel project leader | http://trisquel.info _______________________________________________ 
  • Note: Install to Hard Disk is located in "System Settings" Or use command "ubiquity" from terminal.

Trisquel 5.0

Trisquel 5.0
* Linux-Libre 2.6.38
* GNOME 2.32
       o LXDE 0.5 in Trisquel Mini
       o KDE 4.6 in Triskel
  * IceCat 5.0
  * LibreOffice 3.3.0
Development Notes:https://trisquel.info/en/wiki/dagda-development
  • CD Boots on Macintosh Pro i7
Hold option button on boot; select CD
Sound Works
Bluetooth sees Magic Mouse but cannot see code
Wired networking works
Firefox works
Add Sugar 0.88.1 to Trisquel 5.0
Preferred version Experimental Solution
Add Sugar 0.90 to Trisquel 5.0
This is an Experimental Solution
Sweets Distribution can be used to Add an additional Repository to synaptic
Installing Toast (a Dextrose 3 variety of sugar 0.92.1) alongside the GNOME desktop of Trisquel 5.0

Notes on Wireless

from trisquel-users@listas.trisquel.info (sirgrant 01/15/2012)
The package wireless-tools is free software and is in the Trisquel repository.  "firmware-ralink" is non-free software.
If you read the copyright file it says you can only distribute it in binary form without modification meaning it isn't libre software.  We can't recommend you install that package. 

Boots on MacBook Air

Will save settings if Persistent USB plugged in when booted from CD
Insert USB in Mac
Persistent USB can be made with Ubuntu-gnome "USB Startup Disk Creator:(usb-creator) or see section below to create one from a booted CD
Boot from CD (hold down "C" key until isolinux screen appears-10sec or more) select Safe Graphics Mode
To free up a USB port go to frame and disconnect the CD. Unplug the DVD/CD, then the network dongle can be inserted in the freed up USB port.
(The MacBook Air only has 2 USB ports)
  • If you log out or change items in Control Panel that require a restart: user=trisquel Password= ( ) no entry

1-) usb-creator-gtk to make Persistent USB

Live USB with persistence
(Makes USB in MacBook Pro i7 running VirtualBox 4.0.4 and Trisquel_4.1_amd64 Virtual Machine.)
Does not boot with or without rEFIt BootCD on Mac.
Works on Acer ASPIRE ONE as boot USB
  • Requires:
Running Trisquel Virtual Machine
USB2.0 Controller activated in Settings/Ports/USB/USB Device Filters
2 GB Target USB formatted as fat 16
trisquel-sugar_4.1_i686.iso Downloaded to Virtual Machine
/dev/sr0 (Trisquel 4.1-Sugar-CD)
Note:Using CD is much slower than using the trisquel-sugar_4.1_i686.iso Downloaded to Virtual Machine.
  • IN Terminal: "usb-creator-gtk"
Select other and chose CD or .iso
Insert Target USB and select it
move persistence slider to desired persistence
"Make Startup Disk"

2-Install to USB from Booted CD

Full install to USB as HardDisk
Trisquel-4.1-sugar.iso burned to CD
8 GB USB USB formatted as fat 16
Install from CD boot screen
select 8 GB USB as HD
boot USB
Use usb-creator-gtk on 8GB USB to write a 2nd live USB
  1. Download firefox-6.xo from ASLO
  2. or drag drop from USB
  3. start firefox
  4. set firefox Preferences for Download to "ASK"
  5. go to http://devel.trisquel.info/sugar/
  6. Download trisquel-sugar_4.1_i686.iso
  7. save to /home/sugar/
  8. exit firefox
  9. Terminal: "usb-creator-gtk"
  10. other: select trisquel-sugar_4.1_i686.iso
  11. insert target USB (2GB or larger)
  12. select target USB and set persistence
  13. Create USB

Trisquel On A Sugar Toast

Trisquel On A Sugar Toast

A live CD with Sugar-desktop only

Live image trisquel-sugar_3.0

You can download the (430MB) iso image from here:


To create a live USB disk with user data persistence, you can burn the image in a CD and use it to start a live session. Then plug the USB unit, open the terminal, and run "usb-creator".(usb-creator-gtk) A launcher application is coming.

The usb-creator helper is also included in the Trisquel 3 (and later) desktop applications. If you use a different GNU/Linux distribution or Windows, you can use FUSBi instead.

You can now log out of your session and login into Sugar. If your computer is a LTSP server, it would be serving Sugar already.

Configure a Trisquel edu LTSP server

You can follow the instructions in the Trisquel wiki.

Installing Sugar on Trisquel 3.0

You can install Sugar with the above method, but using this repository line instead:

echo "deb http://us.archive.trisquel.info/trisquel sugar-dwyn main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update

Trisquel 4.5 RC VirtualBox 4.0.4 appliance

XChat; surf115-xo; updated; cleared of identity; autostart
password sugaruser

Install Sugar-Desktop 0.88.1 with Synaptic

search sugar
install sugar-emulator
search  sugar
check all sugar applications (but not Trisquel-Sugar or Ubuntu sugar remix)
right click on central X0
My Settings
software update (13)
Insert 2nd USB with surf-115.xo 
    you can download it from: http://people.sugarlabs.org/Tgillard/Surf-115.xo to a USB Stick
Click on journal
click on usb icon in bottom left corner
click on surf-115 and drag it to journal icon in bottom left corner
  • Congratulations You have sugar-desktop installed

Create Live USB from trisquel_4.0.1_i686.iso

Open System/Administration/USB Startup Disk Creator
Password (root)
<OTHER> File System/home/(user)/Desktop/trisquel_4.0.1_i686.iso
Insert 4GB USB
Stored in extra reserved space (move slider for persistence)
Make Start Up Disk
Safely remove USB
Boot Computer with Live CD
1-) Try Trisquel without any changes to your computer
Sugar-desktop 0.90.1 can be added; and run; from persistent USB
2-) Install Trisquel

/etc/apt sources.list

i386 /etc/apt sources.list

x86_64 /etc/apt sources.list

# Trisquel repositories for supported software and updates
deb http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis main
deb-src http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis main
deb http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis-security main
deb-src http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis-security main
deb http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis-updates main
deb-src http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis-updates main
#deb http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis-backports main
#deb-src http://ftp.rediris.es/mirror/Trisquel/ taranis-backports main


Post bugs to official Trisquel bug tracker.

  • Screensaver will not turn off in Trisquel 4.5 install
In terminal
sudo su
xset -dpms
xset s off

References & Links

http://devel.trisquel.info/sugar/ trisquel 3.0 sugar only
http://trisquel.info/en/download trisquel 4.0 Gnome
Development Betas
http://devel.trisquel.info/sugar/trisquel-sugar_4.1_i686.iso sugar 0.88.1
http://devel2.trisquel.info/slaine/iso/trisquel_4.5_i686.iso 21-Feb-2011
http://devel2.trisquel.info/slaine/iso/trisquel_4.5_amd64.iso 21-Feb-2011
Install Videos (Video of install from Windows)
Preinstalled Laptops: