Sugar on a Stick/Linux/Installation

From Sugar Labs
< Sugar on a Stick‎ | Linux
Revision as of 12:19, 14 July 2012 by FGrose (talk | contribs) (Created page with "<noinclude> These are the steps for installing Sugar on a Stick on a USB/SD device. This page is transcluded to various installation instruction pages.</noinclude> <ol start...")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

These are the steps for installing Sugar on a Stick on a USB/SD device.

This page is transcluded to various installation instruction pages.

  1. Download the latest Sugar on a Stick .iso file.

  2. Prepare: (with root user permissions)
    • Create a mount point directory: mkdir /media/soas
    • Mount the .iso file as a disk: mount /path/to/source.iso /media/soas/
    • Insert a USB stick of 2 GB or greater capacity into your computer.
    • Use the blkid or df -Th command to get the USB device node name.
    •      You should see something like the following:
      [root@MyComputer ~]# df -Th
      Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
      rootfs         rootfs     20G  5.5G   14G  29% /
      devtmpfs       devtmpfs  1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /dev
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G  788K  1.6G   1% /dev/shm
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G  1.3M  1.6G   1% /run
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /media
      /dev/loop0     iso9660   509M  509M     0 100% /media/soas
      /dev/sdc1      vfat      995M  983M   13M  99% /run/media/MyAccount/LG
           where the mount point and filesystem sizes should help you identify what you want.
    • Unmount the USB device filesystem:
      umount /run/media/MyAccount/MyUSBdiscMountPoint
    • (You should have the isomd5sum package installed so that the following installation script can verify the download.)

  3. Load: Execute, as the root user in one command with arguments, the following:
    /media/soas/LiveOS/livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 900 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /path/to/source.iso /dev/sd?1
    where '?' in the final parameter represents the target USB device scsi drive node, such as sdb1 or sdc1, etc., and /path/to/source.iso is the location and name of the .iso file.
    The operating system will occupy ~510 MB, and the overlay and home size arguments, 500 and 900, were selected to fit in a 2 GB device, but may be adjusted according to your device capacity.
          The installation transcript should look something like the following:
    [LiveOS]$ sudo ./livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 900 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /media/soas/Fedora-17-x86_64-Live-SoaS.iso /dev/sdc1
    Verifying image...
    /media/soas/Fedora-17-x86_64-Live-SoaS.iso:   470134baa7e48085595243e53b55d41e
    Fragment sums: 7de3e14f3d5aa991343fa35bdfe3a1db59d578db95a844a63d22de789de1
    Fragment count: 20
    Press [Esc] to abort check.
    Checking: 100.0%
    The media check is complete, the result is: PASS.
    It is OK to use this media.
    Copying live image to target device.
       512344064 100%   43.04MB/s    0:00:11 (xfer#1, to-check=0/1)
    sent 512406681 bytes  received 31 bytes  44557105.39 bytes/sec
    total size is 512344064  speedup is 1.00
            8192 100%    0.00kB/s    0:00:00 (xfer#1, to-check=0/1)
    sent 8265 bytes  received 31 bytes  16592.00 bytes/sec
    total size is 8192  speedup is 0.99
    Updating boot config file
    Initializing persistent overlay file
    500+0 records in
    500+0 records out
    524288000 bytes (524 MB) copied, 5.1728 s, 101 MB/s
    Initializing persistent /home
    900+0 records in
    900+0 records out
    943718400 bytes (944 MB) copied, 152.195 s, 6.2 MB/s
    Formatting unencrypted /home
    mke2fs 1.42.3 (14-May-2012)
    Filesystem label=
    OS type: Linux
    Block size=4096 (log=2)
    Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
    Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
    57600 inodes, 230400 blocks
    11520 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
    First data block=0
    Maximum filesystem blocks=239075328
    8 block groups
    32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
    7200 inodes per group
    Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
    	32768, 98304, 163840, 229376
    Allocating group tables: done                            
    Writing inode tables: done                            
    Creating journal (4096 blocks): done
    Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
    tune2fs 1.42.3 (14-May-2012)
    Setting maximal mount count to -1
    Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
    Installing boot loader
    Target device is now set up with a Live image!
  4. Boot: Insert the USB stick into a bootable USB port on your computer. Set the option to "boot from USB" in your computer's BIOS setup, and then start up the computer.

  • You may create more Sugar Sticks on other 1 GB or greater USB or SD devices. In the Terminal Activity of a running Sugar on a Stick, run this command as root:
    /run/initramfs/live/LiveOS/livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 300 --home-size-mb 175 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /run/initramfs/livedev /dev/sd?1