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New page: {{Translations | english | español }} =Como usar Sugar= ===Usando la Interfaz=== ====¿Donde esta ...
{{Translations
| [[User Manual|english]] | [[User Manual/lang-es|español]] }}

=Como usar Sugar=


===Usando la [[Glossary#User_Interface_.28UI.29|Interfaz]]===

====¿Donde esta el escritorio?====
Sugar es un entorno de escritorio distinto a lo que normalmente se utiliza en Windows, Apple OS X Linux u otros sistemas operativos. Lo primero que ve un niño, por lo tanto, no es un disco duro o una papelera, son otros niños en el "vecindario." Sugar usa la metafora de escritorio más cercano al significado de Home: donde el usuario puede ver las actividades que esta utilizando actualmente y accede a diario, actúa como un historial de uso y permite al usuario acceder a archivos que uso o aplicaciones que corrió anteriormente.

===Using Activities===
====What is an Activity?====
The program that you run using Sugar are called Activities. Why? Because Sugar, in its departure from the desktop metaphor for computing, is the first serious attempt to create a [[Glossary|user interface]] that is based on both cognitive and social [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivism_%28learning_theory%29 constructivism]: an environment where learners engage in authentic exploration and collaboration in the act of learning.

====Starting an Activity====

====Installing and Deleting Activities====
<ol>
*Installing Sugar Activities Using Browse
*Installing/Removing Sugar Activities Using Terminal
*Installing/Removing Linux Applications
*Installing Sugar Coated Linux Applications
*Windows Applications</ol>


===Customizing the Interface===
====Changing an XO's Nickname and Color on Sugar Views====
<ol>Your XO's Nickname and other options can be changed using the [[Terminal Activity]]'s command line [[Sugar-Control-Panel]].
</ol>

====Changing the "XO Guy"====
To change the XO Guy, the symbol in the middle of the Home view (with applications opening around him/her), you have to follow a few steps:

*'''Create An Icon''' - You first have to make an icon image and save it as an SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) file with the name computer-xo.svg. Probably on your Mac or Windows machine. There are instructions on how to do this [http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Making_SVG_Icons_for_Sugar on the OLPC wiki].
*'''Transfer It To Your Computer''' - Copy computer-xo.svg to a USB or SD card and plug it into your OLPC or computer.
*'''Install it''' - Open Terminal and type the following commands to back-up the original icon and copy your new icon into the correct location:

su -l
cp /usr/share/icons/sugar/scalable/device/computer-xo.svg /usr/share/icons/sugar/scalable/device/computer-xo.svg.bak
cp /media/<your usb or sd>/computer-xo.svg /usr/share/icons/sugar/scalable/device/computer-xo.svg

*Now close terminal and press Ctrl,Alt,Erase.

Exmaple of modified icon:

[[Image:Screenshotkm7.png‎‎]]


'''Restoring Icon To Original'''

To restore computer-xo.svg back to the original, open terminal and type:

su -l
cp /usr/share/icons/sugar/scalable/device/computer-xo.svg.bak /usr/share/icons/sugar/scalable/device/computer-xo.svg
rm /usr/share/icons/sugar/scalable/device/computer-xo.svg.bak

Source: http://olpcnews.com/forum/index.php?topic=2157.0

====Setting the Clock and Timezone====

You may set the date and time as follows:

<ol>

<li> Connect to the Internet. (For details, see [[Connecting to the Internet]])

<li> Open a Linux prompt. (For details, see [[#How do I access a Linux command prompt?|How do I access a Linux command prompt?]] Note that unless you are an advanced user, you should use the Terminal Activity button to open the prompt.)

<li> Log in as "root". Assuming you are using the Terminal Activity program, you can log in as root by typing "su -" at the command prompt and pressing the Enter key. Note that as user "root" you have the ability to destroy all software on the XO, so you should end your session as soon as you successfully change the date and time.

<li> At the command prompt, enter the following commands:<br>
<code>/usr/sbin/ntpdate time.nist.gov</code><br>
<code>/usr/sbin/hwclock --systohc</code>

<li> Press the Enter key after each. In response to the ntpdate command, if it successfully contacts this US government official time server, the system will output a line of data displaying the correct date and time.

<li> Click the "Stop" icon [[Image:Quit.gif|25px]] at the upper right corner of the screen to log out and close the Terminal Activity program.

</ol>

====How to set the timezone on my laptop====

You can set the timezone by typing the [[Sugar-Control-Panel]] command in the [[Terminal Activity]].

===Sound Control===

<ol>
====Disabling the bootup sound====

Turn the volume down while the laptop is booting (i.e. before getting into Sugar).
</ol>

===Taking Screen Shots===

To take a screen shot, typing Alt+1 at the same time will take one and store it in your journal.

=Networking & Communications=

===Connecting to Wireless Networks===
To some degree, networking is specific to the platform upon which Sugar is running.
<ol>
On the XO-1 laptop, there are three ways to connect to the Internet:
*Wireless access point (WiFi hotspot);
*“School Server” mesh network; or
*“simple” mesh network, which lets you collaborate directly with other XOs.
</ol>
Read [[Connecting to the Internet]] for detailed instructions.

===Connecting to Jabber Servers===

Jabber servers allow Sugar users to interact, play and collaborate with each other in the Sugar environment.

While the OLPC is designed with mesh wireless networking built in (where users can connect to each other without having a central wireless internet router/connection), Sugar users around the world may not be able to connect with others using the platform unless it's through the Internet, since mesh networking relies on a concentration of users (for example, in a classroom, school or business environment).

Jabber networks link Sugar users to each other in order to chat, interact and collaborate. There are global Sugar Jabber networks, or regional ones hosted by organizations and individuals around the world. You can choose whichever Jabber network you wish to connect to. Connecting Sugar to one of these networks will greatly enhance your Sugar experience.

*'''Connecting to Jabber Networks''' - [[How to connect Sugar to a Jabber network]]
*'''List of Jabber Networks''' - [[A list of Jabber networks around the world]]
*'''Creating a Jabber Server''' - To host a Jabber server for your city, region, country or interest read [[How to Create a Jabber Server]]

=== IRC Chat ===
[http://wiki.laptop.org/go/XoIRC Install the XoIRC activity] and connect with other Sugar/OLPC users and enthusiasts on the internet and chat with them in real time. XoIRC uses a system called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Relay_Chat IRC].

It defaults to a "room" called #olpc-help, but you can also enter other rooms by typing '''/join #room''' where '''room''' is the name of the room you wish to join.

Some other Sugar/OLPC IRC chatrooms are listed [http://wiki.laptop.org/go/IRC#irc.freenode.net_channels are listed here.]]

=== OLPC/Sugar as Webserver ===

*Open Terminal and type the following to install Boa (approx. 100k)

su -
yum -y install boa

*Now put your index.html in /var/www
*Find your Sugar Computer/XO's IP Address. Still as root user (having entered su- already), enter into Terminal:

ifconfig

*Look next to eth0 for 192.168.whatever (for example)
*Go to another machine on your LAN and type your Sugar Computer/XO's IP Address into your browser. There's your Sugar computer serving up a web page!

=Installing Sugar=
*[[:Category:Installing Sugar|Installing Sugar]] (on various platforms)
*[[Sugar Instructions]], booting and getting started with Sugar


=Developing For Sugar=
* [http://www.redhatmagazine.com/2007/02/23/building-the-xo-introducing-sugar/ Building the XO: Introducing Sugar - Red Hat Magazine 2007-02-23]
* [[Sugar_with_sugar-jhbuild|Build]] from sources, and [[Sugar Instructions|get started]].
* Read the human interaction [[HIG|guidelines]]
* Get an overview of the [[Sugar Architecture|architecture]]
* [[Sugar_Activity_Tutorial|Write]] your own activity
* Check out the [[Sugar_Code_Snippets|code snippets]] library
* [[Understanding sugar code]] organization.
* See a list of Sugar [[Activities|activities]] and specifications.
* [http://dev.laptop.org/git?p=sugar;a=summary Sugar source repository]
* [http://dev.laptop.org/query?status=new&status=assigned&status=reopened&group=component&order=priority Current trac tickets, sorted by category]. The TODO list.
* [http://dev.laptop.org/roadmap Roadmap]

=See also=
* [[Glossary]] of Sugar terms


[[Category:General public]]
[[Category:Documentation]]
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