Fedora 25

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Fedora 25

Updated 12/08/2016

Tutorial: Install F25 SoaS to hard disk

f25 Install Guide

https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/Fedora/25/html/Installation_Guide/index.html

Live-iso-to-disk install transcripts

Testing/Reports/livecd-iso-to-disk
  • Build a live USB with efi and persistence

sugar-runner only works in GNOME on Xorg

sugar-desktop works in GNOME as separate login

Download

  • Announced go in go/nogo meeting 11/17/2016
http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/alt/stage/25_RC-1.3/
https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/alt/releases/25/ see /everything/everything netinstall
https://boot.fedoraproject.org/

Or, check out one of our popular variants:

  • Everything netinstall can be used to install nultiple DE's:
http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/alt/stage/25_RC-1.3/Everything/

win32diskimager

(can be used in windows 10 until there is a working liveusb-creator for windows)
  • writes f25 USB in windows 10
updated Aug/22/2016
EFI and Bios-boot
https://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/files/latest/download

Win32diskimager.png

Fedora Media Writer

Linux

sudo dnf --enablerepo=updates-testing --refresh --best install mediawriter
  • latest version 4.0.7
Updated Nov 22 2016

Mac and windows

fedora version updates automatically

Mediawriter 404.png


  • new MediaWriter builds are available at
https://getfedora.org/fmw/FedoraMediaWriter-osx-4.0.7.dmg
https://getfedora.org/fmw/FedoraMediaWriter-osx-4.0.4.dmg
https://getfedora.org/fmw/FedoraMediaWriter-osx-4.0.0.dmg
https://getfedora.org/fmw/FedoraMediaWriter-win32-4.0.7.exe
https://getfedora.org/fmw/FedoraMediaWriter-win32-4.0.4.exe
https://getfedora.org/fmw/FedoraMediaWriter-win32-4.0.0.exe
http://koji.fedoraproject.org/koji/buildinfo?buildID=817014 (linux 4.0.4)
  • not signed:
https://github.com/MartinBriza/MediaWriter/releases
notes on changes here
Updates feed for mediawriter
  • Test Day:
https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Test_Day:2016-09-20_Fedora_Media_Writer

setup

  1. Ensure you have a USB stick that is larger than the live image whose contents you can afford to lose (the contents of the stick will be destroyed as a part of the test).
  2. Run the tool:
  • NOTE persistence is no longer offered see below [ 1 ]
Destined to be Primary installer in linux; Windows; Mac
  • Downloads f24 iso's
Use Custom OS for testing .iso's you have already downloaded
iso selection Starts in / ; go to Home/(user)/Downloads to find them (select with double click)
  • Main Screen (note Fedora Spins - Including KDE - are accessed from [ : ] at bottom

LUC-f24.png

  • Custom OS

Costom OS.png Custom Select.png

  • Fedora Spins [ : ]
NOTE "Checking for new releases" under Custom Image
Ricky Elrod is working on putting the file in place at the location FMW is expecting. It's not there yet, therefore FMW tries to download it again and again.
This is by design.
11/07/2016 e-mail (mbriza)

Spins.png Soas1.png

  • LiveUSBCreator as Primary Downloadable
https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1310542 [1]

Bugs

  • f25 Common Bugs:
https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Common_F25_bugs
https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Common_F25_bugs#cold_boot_is_required_to_add_2nd_DE_to_gdm_wheel_drop-down_list

Use live-iso-to-disk for persistence

also see: Testing/Reports/livecd-iso-to-disk

dnf install livecd-tools
livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 2000 --home-size-mb 2000 --delete-home --unencrypted-home Fedora-Workstation-Live-x86_64-25-1.3.iso /dev/sd(x)
(x) USB must have: fat format & boot flag
(x) CAUTION use "mount" (in terminal) to get correct name for USB (/dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd etc)

livemedia-creator


  • Older posts
https://www.brianlane.com/creating-live-isos-with-livemedia-creator.html
https://jbwillia.wordpress.com/2014/10/29/how-to-build-updated-fedora-live-iso-for-yourself/
  • Examples in f25 root terminal:

mock

you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment

to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following

$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart

if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file


Install files

updated from fedora page 12/15/2016

  • ksflatten is part of pykickstart
# dnf install mock

Documentation

  • Important
http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
https://github.com/rhinstaller/lorax/blob/master/docs/livemedia-creator.rst

mock

you should always do all work in mock, this will allow you to esure that the compose environment matches the target environment

to setup a Fedora 25 x86_64 environment you would run the following

$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --init
$ mock -r fedora-25-x86_64 --install lorax-lmc-novirt git vim-minimal pykickstart

if you wanted a different arch or release you would use the correct mock configuration file

kickstarts

inside the mock chroot, clone the kickstarts

$ git clone https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts.git


Install files

  • livemedia-creator and ksflatten are part of lorax
# dnf install lorax virt-install libvirt-daemon-config-network pykickstart

                                                                                                                                               
  • Must be done first:
You must be in the same fedora version (f25) first. This is so that packages can be installed to livecd without SELinux errors and is relabeled at boot time.
setenforce 0

Notes

  • Important
http://lorax.readthedocs.io/en/latest/livemedia-creator.html
  • Jun 28, 2016 at 12:28:27PM -0500, Bruno Wolff III wrote:
"In --no-virt mode it's calling anaconda
directly so kickstart processing of the %include may work, depending on
the location of the files. But if you're using it in virt mode only the
top level ks gets passed into the vm so ksflatten is required in that
case."

pagure kickstarts Links

https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/f25
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/tree/27c2ec431dfa70506deef071206b5e42ddc9b42c
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/releases
alternately: git clone the repo and not get each piece manually
Kickstarts need to flattened before use:
hit raw tab and save-page-as to a local directory (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-soas.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-base.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-live-minimization.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo-not-rawhide.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-repo-rawhide.ks
https://pagure.io/fedora-kickstarts/blob/f25/f/fedora-soas-packages.ks
  • switch root terminal to the local directory with the kickstart files (/home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/)

ksflatten

updated 06/28/2016


ksflatten -v, --config fedora-live-soas.ks -o flat-fedora-live-soas.ks --version F25

livemedia-creator examples

livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-soas.ks  --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-soas-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-SoaS-flat-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-SoaS-flat-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-SoaS-flat-live --macboot


livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-kde.ks --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-kde-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-kde-f25-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-kde-f25-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-kde-f25-live --macboot
livemedia-creator --ks /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure/flat-fedora-live-cinnamon.ks  --logfile /var/lmc-logs/livemedia-out.log --no-virt --resultdir /var/lmc --project Fedora-cinnamon-Live --make-iso --volid Fedora-cinnamon-live --iso-only --iso-name Fedora-cinnamon-live.iso --releasever 25 --title Fedora-cinnamon-25-live --macboot
  • "If you're using /tmp/lmc you need to make sure you have enough RAM available (assuming it is mounted using tmpfs)"
use /var/lmc if low on memory
  • "Right, if you only have 3.8G then 50% will be assigned to tmpfs and it's likely

you'll run out of ram when using /tmp/ for the resultdir."

Brian Lane - https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1352970#c6

warning

12/14/2016
  • There is a problem using LMC this way:

<adamw> satellit: you really *really* shouldn't be running lmc directly on the system with --no-virt anyway <adamw> it's a fundamentally risky thing to do

Make a remix

  • edit the bottom of the flat-fedora-live-soas.ks
that you produce with ksflatten (above)
in this section of the flattened.ks:

%packages

add a program (add name)
- delete a program ( put - in front)
put # in front of listed program to not install it

kickstart-docs

https://github.com/rhinstaller/pykickstart/blob/master/docs/kickstart-docs.rst

terminal output of livemedia-creator build

Build takes a long time wait for completion
ends with:
..........clip........
..........clip........
2016-07-05 14:46:20,011: Performing post-installation setup tasks
2016-07-05 14:46:20,012: Performing post-installation setup tasks
2016-07-05 14:46:21,970: .
2016-07-05 14:46:21,970:
2016-07-05 14:46:21,971: Configuring installed system
2016-07-05 14:46:22,147: .
2016-07-05 14:46:22,148: Creating users
2016-07-05 14:46:22,149: .
2016-07-05 14:46:22,149: Configuring addons
2016-07-05 14:46:22,151: .BDB2053 Freeing read locks for locker 0x1: 3376/140705511982848
--clip--
2016-07-05 14:47:01,333:
2016-07-05 14:47:01,334: Generating initramfs
2016-07-05 14:47:06,185: .
2016-07-05 14:47:06,186: Running post-installation scripts
2016-07-05 14:47:06,189: .
2016-07-05 14:47:38,953: Shutting down log processing
2016-07-05 14:47:41,246: Disk Image install successful
2016-07-05 14:47:41,247: working dir is /var/tmp/lmc-work-n26biv0m
2016-07-05 14:59:34,529: Rebuilding initrds
2016-07-05 14:59:34,530: dracut args = ['--xz', '--add', 'livenet dmsquash-live convertfs pollcdrom qemu qemu-net', '--omit', 'plymouth', '--no-hostonly', '--debug', '--no-early-microcode']
2016-07-05 14:59:34,532: rebuilding boot/initramfs-4.7.0-0.rc5.git3.1.fc25.x86_64.img
2016-07-05 15:01:36,027: Building boot.iso
2016-07-05 15:01:36,122: running x86.tmpl
2016-07-05 15:01:56,462: Disk image erased
2016-07-05 15:01:59,749: SUMMARY
2016-07-05 15:01:59,750: -------
2016-07-05 15:01:59,750: Logs are in /home/(user)/Downloads/pagure
2016-07-05 15:01:59,751: Results are in /home/(user)/lmc
[root@localhost pagure]#

Retrieve finished live.iso

"Results are in /home/(user)/lmc"

  • start files application
  • click on Files system
open lmc folder
  • click on the .....iso you just built

copy to (mouse right click) pagure with files application

  • Check that it is in pagure

Clean Up

delete the instance in lmc
delete the lmc directory (cannot run new build unless this is done?)
root@localhost pagure]# cd /
[root@localhost /]# cd var
[root@localhost var]# ls
account  adm  cache  crash  db  empty  ftp  games  gopher kerberos  lib  lmc  local  lock  log  mail  nis  opt  preserve run  spool  tmp  www  yp
[root@localhost var]# rm -r lmc
rm: descend into directory 'lmc'? y
rm: remove regular file 'lmc/Fedora-SoaS-var-live.iso'? y
rm: remove directory 'lmc'? y
[root@localhost var]#

Sugar-Activities

Workaround for ASLO not working :

  • Look up the number of the activity in the Index of activities listing "Activity Number" and then go to numeric list to download it.
Choose the highest version on the list
  • Index of activities listing Activity Number
Sugar_Creation_Kit/sck/Activity_Matrix#Most_Recent-Activity_Test_Results
Testing/Reports/Activity_Matrix_(A_to_I)
Testing/Reports/Activity_Matrix_(J_to_Z)
  • Numeric list of Activities
http://download.sugarlabs.org/activities/
  • CD.png DVD of Sugar Activities Library
  • http://download.sugarlabs.org/images/ASLOxo6-3.iso 3.2 GB DVD (21 January 2012)
  • Contains over 500 Activity.xo files
  • Use as an off-line "sneaker net"- Download one time and have an off-line library of Sugar Activities on hand.
  • Burn the .iso file to a DVD.

the-efi-system-partition

dnf reference

fedora developer

nvidia problems

Test Day BetterSwitchableGraphicsSupport

Results - http://testdays.fedorainfracloud.org/events/14

LiveOS_image/overlay

https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/LiveOS_image/overlay
https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/LiveOS_image
"This page shares some critical information about the LiveOS design that helps users take better advantage of their more-limited-than-usual disc resources."

status fedoraproject

http://status.fedoraproject.org/

Official_Fedora_Spins

https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/25/Spins#Official_Fedora_Spins