Sugar on a Stick/Linux/Installation

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These are the steps for installing Sugar on a Stick on a USB/SD device.

This page is transcluded to various installation instruction pages.

  1. Download the latest Sugar on a Stick .iso file.
  2. Notification.png
    Important change in Fedora 24 SoaS
    The livecd-iso-to-disk installation script is no longer packaged in the SoaS .iso file. With Fedora 24, if you want a Live USB with persistent storage, you must install the livecd-tools package to obtain the installation script and the SYSLINUX boot loader. Use this command to obtain the installer: sudo dnf install livecd-tools
  3. Insert a USB stick of 2 GB or greater capacity into your computer.
  4. With root user permissions at a terminal or console command line, use the command df -Th or blkid to get the USB device node name.
  5.  You should see something like the following:
    [root@MyComputer ~]# df -Th
    Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    rootfs         rootfs     20G  5.5G   14G  29% /
    devtmpfs       devtmpfs  1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /dev
    tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G  788K  1.6G   1% /dev/shm
    tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G  1.3M  1.6G   1% /run
    tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
    tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /media
    /dev/loop0     iso9660   668M  668M     0 100% /run/soas
    /dev/sdc1      vfat      2.0G  2.0G   53M  98% /run/media/MyAccount/LG
    (The /run/media/MyAccount/ path is the new, Fedora 17 standard mount point for removable media.
    /media/MyMountPoint is common on other operating systems.)
    [root@MyComputer ~]# blkid
    /dev/sda1: LABEL="Fedora-20" UUID="8962913a-c335-4c3b-b3ed-90fbb9c97580" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="1549f232-01" 
    /dev/sdc1: LABEL="LIVE" UUID="D2AC-5056" TYPE="vfat"  PARTUUID="000056b3-01" 
    /dev/loop0: UUID="2013-12-12-01-40-45-00" LABEL="Fedora-Live-SoaS-x86_64-20-1" TYPE="iso9660" PTUUID="461863db" PTTYPE="dos" 
    (Additional disk drive partitions may be listed on your computer.)
    The mount point (Mounted on), Filesystem, Size, and LABEL should help you identify what you want.
  6. Unmount the USB device filesystem:
    umount /run/media/MyAccount/MyUSBdiscMountPoint
    (The /run/media/MyAccount/ path is the new, Fedora 17 standard mount point. Other operating systems may use /media/MyMountPoint.)
  7. (You should have the isomd5sum package installed so that the following installation script can verify the download.)

  8. Load: Execute the following installation command, as the root user, in one command line with many options:
    livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 800 --unencrypted-home /path/to/downloaded.iso /dev/sd?1
    The '?' in the final parameter represents the target USB device scsi drive node, such as sdb1 or sdc1, etc., and /path/to/downloaded.iso is the location and name of the .iso file.
    The operating system will occupy ~670 MB, and the overlay and home size arguments, 500 and 800, were selected to fit in a 2 GB device. These may be adjusted depending on your preferences and device capacity (see LiveOS image). SoaS 10 can be squeezed into a 1 GB device with 160 and 170. On a 4 GB device, one might use 1000 and 1600 for the size arguments.
     The installation transcript should look something like the following:
    [root@MyComputer ~]# /run/soas/LiveOS/livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 800 --unencrypted-home /home/MyAccount/Downloads/Fedora-Live-SoaS-x86_64-20-1.iso /dev/sdc1
    Verifying image...
    /home/MyAccount/Downloads/Fedora-Live-SoaS-x86_64-20-1.iso:   b0a9414ff7eb79b680d5c86440e19587
    Fragment sums: 9bfe23577651c88dcfb78c76ac3a28a5c53eead4561e3bdc5921b8b2e748
    Fragment count: 20
    Press [Esc] to abort check.
    Checking: 100.0%
    The media check is complete, the result is: PASS.
    It is OK to use this media.
    Copying live image to target device.
        630,784,000 100%    1.96MB/s    0:05:06 (xfr#1, to-chk=0/1)
              8,192 100%    0.00kB/s    0:00:00 (xfr#1, to-chk=0/1)
    Updating boot config file
    Initializing persistent overlay file
    500+0 records in
    500+0 records out
    524288000 bytes (524 MB) copied, 216.717 s, 2.4 MB/s
    Initializing persistent /home
    800+0 records in
    800+0 records out
    838860800 bytes (839 MB) copied, 344.643 s, 2.4 MB/s
    Formatting unencrypted /home
    mke2fs 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013)
    Filesystem label=
    OS type: Linux
    Block size=4096 (log=2)
    Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
    Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
    51296 inodes, 204800 blocks
    10240 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
    First data block=0
    Maximum filesystem blocks=209715200
    7 block groups
    32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
    7328 inodes per group
    Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
    	32768, 98304, 163840
    Allocating group tables: done                            
    Writing inode tables: done                            
    Creating journal (4096 blocks): done
    Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
    tune2fs 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013)
    Setting maximal mount count to -1
    Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
    Installing boot loader
    Target device is now set up with a Live image!

  9. Boot: Insert the USB stick into a bootable USB port on your computer. Set the option to "boot from USB" in your computer's BIOS setup, and then start up the computer.

  • To create more Sugar Sticks on other 1 GB or greater USB or SD devices, while running Sugar on a Stick, one must first obtain the livecd-tools installer as above, then in the Terminal Activity, execute this command as the root user:
    livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 160 --home-size-mb 170 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /run/initramfs/livedev /dev/sd?1
Replace /dev/sd?1 with a new device node for the second USB/SD device that you want to load with Sugar on a Stick.