Sugar on a Stick/Linux/Installation

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These are the steps for installing Sugar on a Stick on a USB/SD device.

This page is transcluded to various installation instruction pages.

  1. Download the latest Sugar on a Stick .iso file.

  2. Prepare: (with root user permissions at a terminal or console command line)
    • Create a mount point directory: mkdir /run/soas
    • Mount the .iso file to make it accessible as a disk: mount /path/to/downloaded.iso /run/soas/
      (Where /path/to/downloaded.iso is the filesystem path, or fully specified name, of the downloaded .iso file.)
      This is the source for the installation, and must remain mounted until the installation is complete.
    • Insert a USB stick of 2 GB or greater capacity into your computer.
    • Use the command df -Th or blkid to get the USB device node name.
    •  You should see something like the following:
      [root@MyComputer ~]# df -Th
      Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
      rootfs         rootfs     20G  5.5G   14G  29% /
      devtmpfs       devtmpfs  1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /dev
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G  788K  1.6G   1% /dev/shm
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G  1.3M  1.6G   1% /run
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
      tmpfs          tmpfs     1.6G     0  1.6G   0% /media
      /dev/loop0     iso9660   668M  668M     0 100% /run/soas
      /dev/sdc1      vfat      2.0G  2.0G   53M  98% /run/media/MyAccount/LG
      /
      (The /run/media/MyAccount/ path is the new, Fedora 17 standard mount point for removable media.
      /media/MyMountPoint is common on other operating systems.)
      [root@MyComputer ~]# blkid
      /dev/sda1: LABEL="Fedora-20" UUID="8962913a-c335-4c3b-b3ed-90fbb9c97580" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="1549f232-01" 
      /dev/sdc1: LABEL="LIVE" UUID="D2AC-5056" TYPE="vfat"  PARTUUID="000056b3-01" 
      /dev/loop0: UUID="2013-12-12-01-40-45-00" LABEL="Fedora-Live-SoaS-x86_64-20-1" TYPE="iso9660" PTUUID="461863db" PTTYPE="dos" 
      
      (Additional disk drive partitions may be listed on your computer.)
      The mount point (Mounted on), Filesystem, Size, and LABEL should help you identify what you want.
    • Unmount the USB device filesystem:
      umount /run/media/MyAccount/MyUSBdiscMountPoint
      (The /run/media/MyAccount/ path is the new, Fedora 17 standard mount point. Other operating systems may use /media/MyMountPoint.)
    • (You should have the isomd5sum package installed so that the following installation script can verify the download.)

  3. Load: Execute the following installation command, as the root user, in one command line with many options:
    /run/soas/LiveOS/livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 800 --unencrypted-home /path/to/downloaded.iso /dev/sd?1
    The '?' in the final parameter represents the target USB device scsi drive node, such as sdb1 or sdc1, etc., and /path/to/downloaded.iso is the location and name of the .iso file.
    The operating system will occupy ~670 MB, and the overlay and home size arguments, 500 and 800, were selected to fit in a 2 GB device. These may be adjusted depending on your preferences and device capacity (see LiveOS image). SoaS 10 can be squeezed into a 1 GB device with 160 and 170. On a 4 GB device, one might use 1000 and 1600 for the size arguments.
     The installation transcript should look something like the following:
    [root@MyComputer ~]# /run/soas/LiveOS/livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 500 --home-size-mb 800 --unencrypted-home /home/MyAccount/Downloads/Fedora-Live-SoaS-x86_64-20-1.iso /dev/sdc1
    Verifying image...
    /home/MyAccount/Downloads/Fedora-Live-SoaS-x86_64-20-1.iso:   b0a9414ff7eb79b680d5c86440e19587
    Fragment sums: 9bfe23577651c88dcfb78c76ac3a28a5c53eead4561e3bdc5921b8b2e748
    Fragment count: 20
    Press [Esc] to abort check.
    Checking: 100.0%
    
    The media check is complete, the result is: PASS.
    
    It is OK to use this media.
    Copying live image to target device.
    squashfs.img
        630,784,000 100%    1.96MB/s    0:05:06 (xfr#1, to-chk=0/1)
    osmin.img
              8,192 100%    0.00kB/s    0:00:00 (xfr#1, to-chk=0/1)
    Updating boot config file
    Initializing persistent overlay file
    500+0 records in
    500+0 records out
    524288000 bytes (524 MB) copied, 216.717 s, 2.4 MB/s
    Initializing persistent /home
    800+0 records in
    800+0 records out
    838860800 bytes (839 MB) copied, 344.643 s, 2.4 MB/s
    Formatting unencrypted /home
    mke2fs 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013)
    Filesystem label=
    OS type: Linux
    Block size=4096 (log=2)
    Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
    Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
    51296 inodes, 204800 blocks
    10240 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
    First data block=0
    Maximum filesystem blocks=209715200
    7 block groups
    32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
    7328 inodes per group
    Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
    	32768, 98304, 163840
    
    Allocating group tables: done                            
    Writing inode tables: done                            
    Creating journal (4096 blocks): done
    Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
    
    tune2fs 1.42.8 (20-Jun-2013)
    Setting maximal mount count to -1
    Setting interval between checks to 0 seconds
    Installing boot loader
    Target device is now set up with a Live image!
    

  4. Boot: Insert the USB stick into a bootable USB port on your computer. Set the option to "boot from USB" in your computer's BIOS setup, and then start up the computer.

  • To create more Sugar Sticks on other 1 GB or greater USB or SD devices, while running Sugar on a Stick, in the Terminal Activity, execute this command as the root user:
    /run/initramfs/live/LiveOS/livecd-iso-to-disk --reset-mbr --overlay-size-mb 160 --home-size-mb 170 --delete-home --unencrypted-home /run/initramfs/livedev /dev/sd?1
Replace /dev/sd?1 with a new device node for the second USB/SD device that you want to load with Sugar on a Stick.