Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu"

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In relation to Sugar, Ubuntu is a downstream distribution project that can be used to run Sugar.
 
In relation to Sugar, Ubuntu is a downstream distribution project that can be used to run Sugar.
  
==OLPC Ubuntu Sugar 14.04.2 Trusty LTS ==
+
==Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty==
  
How to use Sugar and Activities from One Laptop per Child, on the Ubuntu operating system.
+
Sugar 0.110 is in the archive for Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty, and can be installed by typing
: Sugar 0.104.1
 
  
===Adding to an existing system===
+
sudo apt install sucrose
  
* change <tt>/etc/apt/sources.list</tt> to add the OLPC archive,
+
* log out,
deb [trusted=yes] <nowiki>http://dev.laptop.org/pub/us</nowiki> trusty main
+
* log in with the Sugar desktop selected.
* update the package lists,
+
<!-- last tested with Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty daily live image dated 2017-03-21 plus updates on 30th March 2017 -->
sudo apt update
 
* install Sugar,
 
sudo apt install olpc-activities olpc-powerd- git- fakeroot- consolekit-
 
* log out of the Unity desktop, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.
 
  
===Installing a new system===
+
== Using Sugar inside another desktop environment ==
  
* download [http://dev.laptop.org/~quozl/olpc-ubuntu-sugar-14.04.2-desktop-amd64-1432093697.iso our installer image] (1.2 GB)<!-- b5584db2d995041c5c732d22320645f8 -->
+
Sugar is a desktop environment. For developers who use Ubuntu Unity or another desktop environment, Sugar can be run inside that environment as a window.
* install in the usual way,
 
* log out of the Unity desktop, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.
 
  
==Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS - Dextrose Sugar Live==
+
Install the Remote Desktop packages:
* '''DXU-Dextrose on Ubuntu'''
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sudo apt install xrdp rdesktop
:revised Sept 5,2013
 
:Sugar 0.98.8
 
:Ubuntu 12.04.02
 
#Journal Backup/Restore
 
#Operations on multiple journal entries
 
#Accessability support with integrated control panel
 
*Announcement:
 
:https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qtW08brJSXpfAAY-67QUb8s3gtWca9yIa9XmhYsLHbA/edit?pli=1
 
  
:Initial HD or VirtualBox install runs Full Screen Sugar.
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Create a user for Sugar:
:NOTE click on the screenshot to enlarge it; click on browser '''<= back''' to return.
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  adduser sugar
====Screenshots ====
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echo sugar >> /home/sugar/.xsession
[[File:Sugar_dextrose.png|300px]][[File:Dextrose-background-reg.png|300px]][[File:Error-copying-to-Documents.png|300px]]
 
#Boot Screen             
 
#Background set - Register selected
 
#Error copying to Documents from journal
 
::For info on XSCE schoolserver: http://schoolserver.org/
 
::https://sugardextrose.org/projects/xsce/
 
[[File:Dextrose-4.png|300px]] [[File:Dextrose-3.png|300px]]
 
*Dextrose  running in KDE Ubuntu 12.04.2
 
*Note KDE has to be installed after sugar is installed to get to this view.
 
  
===Download===
+
Start a session:
:NEW see notes section below
+
  rdesktop -g 1200x900 -u sugar -p sugar 0
  
*''' http://people.sugarlabs.org/Tgillard/ubuntu_12.04-20130712_i686.iso '''
+
==Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial LTS==
  
===Install to Hard Disk===
+
Sugar 0.106 is in the archive for Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial, and can be installed by typing
#Ubuntu Startup-disk-creator will create a USB installer
 
#Boot from Live DVD
 
* "Username is "ubuntu", with empty password."
 
:Either method will run as a live CD or Install to Hard Disk
 
::Note: Choose lightdm as desktop manager
 
  
===Install KDE===
+
  sudo apt install sucrose
*Sugar terminal:
+
<!-- last tested with Ubuntu 16.04.1 Xenial) -->
  sudo su
 
password
 
apt-get install kde-full
 
- Select lightdm for desktop manager when asked
 
- Select remote (none)
 
*logout/login
 
- Click on the round icon in the right top corner to display the '''D'''esktop '''M'''anagers available in the lightdm drop-down menu and select one:
 
    GNOME Classic
 
    GNOME Classic (no effects)
 
    KDE Plasma Workspace
 
    Sugar
 
*It appears that lightdm which is added when KDE is installed picks up Gnome also (used by Sugar)
 
  
===Install GNOME===
+
Sugar 0.110 can be installed by careful addition of the Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty packages.
:To complete the install of GNOME
 
*Sugar terminal:
 
sudo su
 
password
 
apt-get install gnome
 
- Select lightdm for desktop manager when asked
 
  
===Notes===
+
Organisations that require Ubuntu 16.04 support for Sugar may consider getting involved in the Ubuntu [https://wiki.ubuntu.com/StableReleaseUpdates Stable Release Updates] process.
From IRC Aug 3 2013
 
<dfarning> You can download the new alpha image from
 
<dfarning> http://ubuntu.activitycentral.com/makeiso/iso/ubuntu_12.04-20130730_i686.iso
 
<dfarning> (md5 a91fb1e3b8bdc1c8bdea701702ef807c)
 
<dfarning> In this release all control panel sections should work:
 
<dfarning> - The keyboard section was failing because of libxklavier lacking the...
 
...
 
<dfarning> satellit_e:  Dextrose on Trisquel, the new toast, should be coming out this week or later for those who prefer 100% free :)
 
  
From Lists: support-gang@laptop.org 07/15/2013
+
==OLPC Ubuntu Sugar 16.04 Xenial LTS ==
 
I just wanted to give everyone a heads about something coming down the pipe:)
 
On of the primary frustrations that I have been hearing from the
 
community is their inability to easily get hardware for their
 
deployments.
 
In response, we have released of an iso running Sugar on Ubuntu at
 
http://ubuntu.activitycentral.com/makeiso/iso/ubuntu_12.04-20130712_i686.iso
 
* Username is "ubuntu", with empty password.
 
As alway, AC's code is 100% free and open source.
 
  
===What's new===
+
One Laptop per Child has been curating Sugar 0.110 and Activities on the Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial operating systemThis build has entered production, and can be acquired through private negotiation or by ordering laptops from OLPC.
* Tuned up python-dbus clears the last bug that made most activities
 
fail to start.
 
* Logs in into Sugar automatically.
 
* Most activities work (some will need some work, but it should not be
 
caused by problems in Sugar dependencies anymore, but things specific
 
to the activity). To be precise they start,  didn't test them in deeply
 
  Didn't test collaboration yet.
 
* General polish to make it look closer to a final product.
 
===What fails===
 
  * Some quirks with the tamtam activities as usual, probably already
 
fixed in newer bundles.
 
* Write does not work as the gtk3 version of pyabiword or the gtk2
 
version of libabiword are not available in Ubuntu, so both gtk2 and
 
gtk3 versions of the activity are missing half of the dependencies.
 
* Etoys and Scratch fail, probably because squeak-vm is not the proper
 
version, so I'll be packaging that later as well.
 
* The keyboard and network sections of the CP fail, the code makes
 
some assumptions about being run in a xo or under fedora, resulting in
 
unhandled exceptions.
 
* Sometimes activities may fail to start if you open them right after
 
logging in, because something with dbus is not yet fully running.
 
 
David Farning
 
Activity Central: http://www.activitycentral.com
 
--
 
From IRC 07/19/2013:
 
"We are interested in creating a community around the project which AC supports but does not control...."
 
"We are trying to create a community like XSCE to support sugar on ubuntu."
 
:Discussions on #schoolserver / freenode IRC
 
===Old Releases===
 
*http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/releases/
 
===Problems===
 
  
====ubuntu_12.04-20130815_i686.iso====
+
==OLPC Ubuntu Sugar 14.04 Trusty LTS ==
:Sugar 0.98.8
 
# Time Zone in cp does not store settings.
 
# Save to Doucuments from journal works (Photo)
 
: latest  (Has some Plan Cebal activities):
 
::'''Do Not Start:'''Biblioteca ceibal; CeibalNotifica; Portfolio; Scratch; Tux Paint; Write
 
::No Sound from TamTam Apps (VirtualBox test)
 
::Tam Tam edit is not full screen
 
  
====ubuntu_12.04-20130814_i686.iso====
+
One Laptop per Child was curating Sugar and Activities on the Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty operating system, but support for this version has since ended.
:sugar 0.98.7
 
# Time Zone in cp does not store settings.
 
# Save to Doucuments from journal does not work (Photo) 'gi.repositorySugarExt'object has no attribute 'fat_set_hidden_attrib'
 
: latest 
 
::'''Do Not Start:''' Write;Scratch;
 
::No Sound from TamTam Apps (VirtualBox test)
 
::Tam Tam jam and edit are not full screen
 
  
====ubuntu_12.04-20130730_i686.iso====
+
===Installing a system===
:08/03/2013
 
# Time Zone in cp does not store settings.
 
# Save to Documents from journal Fails.
 
::http://bugs.sugarlabs.org/ticket/4600
 
  
====ubuntu_12.04-20130712_i686.iso====
+
How to install Ubuntu with Sugar 0.106:
:07/22/2013 satellit
+
* you must already be familiar with how to install Ubuntu, if not, see [http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop Download Ubuntu Desktop], and [http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop/install-ubuntu-desktop Install Ubuntu Desktop],
# Drag-Drop of item from journal to a mounted USB shown in the bottom left of frame fails.
+
* download [http://people.sugarlabs.org/quozl/ubuntu/trusty/sugar-0.106/olpc-ubuntu-sugar-14.04.2-desktop-amd64-1436317817.iso our installer image] (1.2 GB) [http://people.sugarlabs.org/quozl/ubuntu/trusty/sugar-0.106/olpc-ubuntu-sugar-14.04.2-desktop-amd64-1436317817.iso.md5 md5]<!-- b5584db2d995041c5c732d22320645f8 -->, [http://people.sugarlabs.org/quozl/ubuntu/trusty/sugar-0.106/olpc-ubuntu-sugar-14.04.2-desktop-amd64-1436317817.iso.packages.txt package list]
# Clipboard is not available for journal items to paste to documents folder or external USB.
+
* boot our image and install in the [http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop/install-ubuntu-desktop usual way],
# "save to" fails to save to Documents folder or external USB.
+
* log out of the Unity desktop, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.
# Network in cp fails to start in live boot but works if installed to HD?
 
# Time Zone in cp does not store settings.
 
# Keyboard fails in cp
 
# "copy to clipboard" of record picture crashes sugar
 
# Record 97 does not save picture to journal on exit
 
  
===Collaboration testing (brief)===
+
===Adding to a system===
* All on Jabber.sugarlabs.org all activities started and shared from Dextrose Sugar 0.98.7
 
:NOTE click on the screenshot to enlarge it; click on browser  '''<= back''' to return.
 
====Chat 78 ====
 
[[File:Chat_test-collaboration.png|200px]]
 
* 4 Participants
 
:Dextrose Sugar 0.98.7
 
::HD install on ext USB HD system76 i7; Gazelle laptop
 
:f18 Sugar 0.98.8
 
::f18 HD install on intensePC i3; fanless PC
 
:Sugar Network Sugar 0.94
 
::XO-1.5 (1 Hexokinase hf6.2d)
 
:plus visitor
 
  
====Speak 44====
+
Note: only available for 64-bit systems, check that ''uname -i'' shows x86_64.
[[File:Speak-collaboration.png|200px]]
 
====Turtle Art 169====
 
[[File:TA-collaboration.png|200px]]
 
  
===Create.img files with dd for Duplication of USB's===
+
How to add Sugar 0.107 to an Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty system:
====Persistent 4 GB USB built with ubuntu startup-disk creator====
+
* edit <tt>/etc/apt/sources.list</tt> to add the OLPC archive,
*Format USB Fat16
+
  deb [trusted=yes arch=amd64] <nowiki>http://dev.laptop.org/pub/us</nowiki> trusty main
*Start ubuntu startup-disk creator
+
* update the package lists, and install Sugar,
*choose Dextrose-sugar.iso from "other" (1.2 GB )
+
  sudo apt update && sudo apt install olpc-ubuntu-sugar
*select USB Target
+
* log out of the Unity desktop, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.
*Move slider to left to (1.8GB)
 
*Write USB
 
:Boot from USB and select try without installing
 
::Changes to USB will be saved on reboot.
 
=====Make .img file with dd=====
 
'''NOTE''' Use mount command to confirm device name for mounted USB eg: /dev/sdb; /devsdc; /dev/sdd...etc  
 
:'''This is very imporant as you can distroy your hard disk if you use the wrong device name.'''
 
dd if=/dev/sdb of=Dextrose-sugar4p3.img bs=2M
 
1850+1 records in
 
1850+1 records out
 
3880452096 bytes (3.9 GB) copied, 224.698 s, 17.3 MB/s
 
=====Use .img to write 2nd USB=====
 
:This can be repeated as many times as needed for duplication of USB's
 
  dd if=Dextrose-sugar4p3.img of=/dev/sdb bs=2M
 
 
 
*Download:http://people.sugarlabs.org/Tgillard/Dextrose-sugar4p3.img  3.6G
 
:NeW 8/15/2013
 
:Use a 4 GB USB or larger
 
 
 
====Install to 8 GB USB from booted burned DVD====
 
:'''Note''' Ubuntu will make changes in your grub boot settings. It is preferred to remove the Laptop Hard Disk and boot from DVD of .iso
 
:This will be a robust ext4 install of Dextrose-sugar on a USB
 
*Boot DVD
 
*Format USB as / 6GB ext4 plus (1.8GB) swap
 
*Install to USB 
 
=====Make .img file with dd=====
 
dd if=/dev/sdb of=Dextrose-sugar83.img bs=2M
 
3817+1 records in
 
3817+1 records out
 
8006074368 bytes (8.0 GB) copied, 678.706 s, 11.8 MB/s
 
=====Use .img to write 2nd USB=====
 
:This can be repeated as many times as needed for duplication of USB's
 
  dd if=Dextrose-sugar83.img of=/dev/sdb bs=2M
 
 
 
==Sweets Distribution==
 
*'''Sugar 0.94'''
 
 
 
As of 2012-03, Ubuntu does not have a complete, stable version of Sugar in the Ubuntu repositories.  In particular, there is no compatible web browser.
 
 
 
Until this is fixed, try one of these options:
 
* use [[Sweets_Distribution|Sweets]] on Ubuntu, see [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|below]],
 
* use a virtual appliance, compatible with any version of Ubuntu, see [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|below]],
 
* use the incomplete version that Ubuntu provide, see the last section below, or
 
* install from Sugar source.
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" width="100%" class="wikitable"
 
! your ubuntu release
 
! your best options for trying Sugar
 
|-
 
| Ubuntu 12.10
 
| [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|use Sweets Distribution]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|use a virtual appliance]]
 
|-
 
| Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
 
| [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|use Sweets Distribution]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|use a virtual appliance]]
 
|-
 
| Ubuntu 11.10
 
| [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|use Sweets Distribution]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|use a virtual appliance]]
 
|-
 
| Ubuntu 11.04
 
| [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|use Sweets Distribution]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|use a virtual appliance]]
 
|-
 
| Ubuntu 10.10
 
| [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|use Sweets Distribution]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|use a virtual appliance]]
 
|-
 
| Ubuntu 10.04 LTS
 
| [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|use Sweets Distribution]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|use a virtual appliance]]
 
|}
 
 
 
===How to install Sweets on Ubuntu===
 
 
 
Install packages on an Ubuntu system so that you may run Sugar.
 
 
 
See [[Sweets Distribution#Installation|How to install Sweets Distribution]].
 
:[[Sweets_Distribution/Supported_platforms#Map| Map of Supported Distributions ]]
 
 
 
===How to install a virtual appliance===
 
 
 
Install a virtual appliance based on Ubuntu:
 
 
 
*the [[Sugar_Creation_Kit/sck/Sugar-in-Virtualization#Ubuntu_11.04_Sweets_Distribution_sugar_0.94|Ubuntu 11.04 Sweets Distribution Sugar 0.94 virtual appliance]],
 
*a tutorial on [[Tutorials/Installation/Import a VirtualBox appliance|How to import a virtual appliance into VirtualBox]].
 
 
 
There are other virtual appliances based on other distributions, which can be imported into virtualization software on Ubuntu.
 
 
 
*see [[Sugar_Creation_Kit/sck/Sugar-in-Virtualization|Emulator image files]].
 
 
 
===sweets-sugar 0.94 works in Ubuntu 12.10 (unity and [http://community.linuxmint.com/tutorial/view/1246 cinnamon])===
 
[[File:Sweets-sugar_in_12.10.png|300px]][[File:Sweets-sugar-cinnamon-12.10.png|400px]]
 
===[http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-gnome/releases/13.10/release/ Ubuntu-gnome 13.10 (Saucy Salamander)]===
 
:Release Announcement::http://ubuntugnome.org/ubuntu-gnome-13-10-is-released/
 
:Dowwnload::http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-gnome/releases/13.10/release/
 
 
 
==How to install Sugar 0.90 on Ubuntu ==
 
*'''NOT Recommended'''
 
 
 
There are many problems with Sugar on Ubuntu (see [[/0.90|a list for 0.90]]), many of which have been fixed in a later version of Sugar, so we recommend the [[#How_to_install_Sweets_on_Ubuntu|Sweets]] or [[#How_to_install_a_virtual_appliance|virtual appliance]] methods above instead.
 
 
 
In particular, there is no compatible web browser included, though there is a [[/0.90#Problem:_Browse_activity_does_not_work|workaround]].
 
 
 
However, if you wish to to install Sugar on Ubuntu:
 
  
*click on Ubuntu Software Center,
+
===Upgrading a system===
*search for Sugar,
 
*click on sugar-emulator or sugar,
 
*click on Install,
 
*if asked about other required applications, click to install.
 
  
Sugar will be downloaded and installed.
+
How to upgrade to Sugar 0.107 on an existing Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty system with an earlier version of Sugar already installed:
 +
* update the package lists, and apply all pending updates,
 +
sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade
 +
* log out, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.
  
To start Sugar, click on Applications, then Education, then Sugar.
+
==See also==
 +
* [https://wiki.debian.org/Derivatives/Census/OLPC Debian Derivatives Census - OLPC]
  
See [[Emulator/Full Screen|how to create a desktop icon that runs Sugar full screen]].
+
==Previous releases==
 +
See [[Ubuntu/Previous]] for how to install older versions of Sugar on older releases of Ubuntu.
  
See [[Ubuntu/Previous]] for how to install older versions of Sugar on older versions of Ubuntu using Ubuntu Software Center.
+
==Subpages==
 +
{{Special:PrefixIndex/{{PAGENAME}}/}}

Latest revision as of 02:51, 8 May 2017

Ubuntu-small.jpg

Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system, with Unity as its default desktop environment. -- wikipedia.org

In relation to Sugar, Ubuntu is a downstream distribution project that can be used to run Sugar.

Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty

Sugar 0.110 is in the archive for Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty, and can be installed by typing

sudo apt install sucrose
  • log out,
  • log in with the Sugar desktop selected.

Using Sugar inside another desktop environment

Sugar is a desktop environment. For developers who use Ubuntu Unity or another desktop environment, Sugar can be run inside that environment as a window.

Install the Remote Desktop packages:

sudo apt install xrdp rdesktop

Create a user for Sugar:

adduser sugar
echo sugar >> /home/sugar/.xsession

Start a session:

rdesktop -g 1200x900 -u sugar -p sugar 0

Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial LTS

Sugar 0.106 is in the archive for Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial, and can be installed by typing

sudo apt install sucrose

Sugar 0.110 can be installed by careful addition of the Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty packages.

Organisations that require Ubuntu 16.04 support for Sugar may consider getting involved in the Ubuntu Stable Release Updates process.

OLPC Ubuntu Sugar 16.04 Xenial LTS

One Laptop per Child has been curating Sugar 0.110 and Activities on the Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial operating system. This build has entered production, and can be acquired through private negotiation or by ordering laptops from OLPC.

OLPC Ubuntu Sugar 14.04 Trusty LTS

One Laptop per Child was curating Sugar and Activities on the Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty operating system, but support for this version has since ended.

Installing a system

How to install Ubuntu with Sugar 0.106:

Adding to a system

Note: only available for 64-bit systems, check that uname -i shows x86_64.

How to add Sugar 0.107 to an Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty system:

  • edit /etc/apt/sources.list to add the OLPC archive,
deb [trusted=yes arch=amd64] http://dev.laptop.org/pub/us trusty main
  • update the package lists, and install Sugar,
sudo apt update && sudo apt install olpc-ubuntu-sugar
  • log out of the Unity desktop, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.

Upgrading a system

How to upgrade to Sugar 0.107 on an existing Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty system with an earlier version of Sugar already installed:

  • update the package lists, and apply all pending updates,
sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade
  • log out, and then log in with the Sugar desktop selected.

See also

Previous releases

See Ubuntu/Previous for how to install older versions of Sugar on older releases of Ubuntu.

Subpages